Fascism And Liberalism In Francis Fukuyama's The End Of History

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25 years after Francis Fukuyama wrote the controversial The End of History where does the world stand? As put by Fredric Jameson "today it is easier to imagine the end of the world, than to imagine the end of capitalism." Countries such as the U.S have continued to thrive and have enormous economic growth under democratic capitalism while countries still trying to make other ideologies work have faltered. The triumph of the West is becoming more and more realistic as each year passes and more anti-western governments reform. Citizens in countries yet to adopt liberal democracy hold protests in hope that their government will one day admit defeat to an unabashed victory of economic and social liberalism. In the countries that allowed for liberal …show more content…
Ultimately the world will adopt the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.

As Fukuyama puts it, “in the past century there have been two major challenges to liberalism.... fascism and communism.” Fascism as an ideology was destroyed after WW2. The end of fascism doesn’t have to do with people being unable to accept the idea, but the lack of success. There was no real reason that more fascist regimes could not have sprung up after the war. Instead, people looked at countries such as Japan and Germany that were still smoldering in ruins from the destruction caused by fascism. This killed the ideology not only materially, but also mentally. Communism on the other hand was a much greater threat to liberalism than fascism. With some of the greatest countries in history adopting full on communist regimes, it looked as if there communism could revolutionize government. Communism grew to its peak near the end of WW2, but since then has struggled to gain major popularity on the world stage. The collapse of communist economic theory has caused for many of the once powerful regimes to adopt a more democratic style government. Russia and even China knew that it was necessary to reform their
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After the U.S completely decimated Japan in WW2, the U.S and allies sought to reconstruct Japan with a free market economy. Japan’s manufacturing business took off, converting from tanks and planes to capital equipment like bulldozers, cars,fridges, houses, tankers etc. From 1978-2010 Japan experienced the world 's second largest GDP. Along with the growth Japan has experienced internally, countries around Japan have benefitted as well. An example of this is South Korea. South Korea has turned into a nation with a strong middle class and overall a solid country. North Korea holds a bitter contrast to South Korea with extreme censorship and poverty. Similar to Japan, Germany has emerged as one of the world 's strongest economies. The most well off country in the EU by far, Germany has the world 's fourth highest quality of life. But it wasn 't always this way. Only a couple of decades ago Germany was divided by a wall. On one side, democratic liberalism and the other communism. Democratic liberalism prevailed victorious and is largely what has allowed Germany to become the economic giant it is today. These two countries among others prove that other ideologies simply do not work as well as democratic liberalism and suggest that one day the entire world will and should transition to liberal

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