Famine, Affluence And Morality Essay

1823 Words Dec 5th, 2015 8 Pages
Famine, Affluence and Morality in Singer’s philosophy
With the development of the economy and technology, different countries around the world have been connected as a whole, referred to as the “global village”. During the last two decades, an increasing amount of capital flow, the appearance of multinational companies and cooperation between various regions all have implied the arrival of globalization. It is certain that there are great advantages to globalization. On one hand, globalization encourages free trade between countries, which can further foster working opportunities, for example. [1] On the other hand, globalization has increased the suffering of people living in poor countries, which seems to be an inevitable trend. This essay will challenge Singer’s argument that supports aiding poor faraway countries by suggesting that it is of great difficulty to ensure the effective usage of aid. I will further consider how Arthur’s article, which relates to right and duty, refutes Singer’s point of view by arguing that the obligation to aid poor countries is not contractual, and that how Arthur’s point of view is more realistic. Singer introduces several principles to his argument in favor of giving money to famine relief funds. Among the main principles of Singer’s, the strongest one is based on utilitarianism: whenever two decisions are evaluated, we ought to choose the one that will produce the best overall result. [3] Suppose that I have 20 dollars and I give half…

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