Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer Essay
The Elements of Reason #8
1. Use two or three sentences to state the main purpose or argument in this article. In other words, what is the argument the author is making? (This should be a specific argument. We all know that the authors are writing about morality and ethics.)
The main purpose or argument in this article is that Peter Singer believes that richer nations should give assistance to other nations who are in need, in order to prevent unnecessary suffering and death. He used the situation in East Bengal in 1971 as an example for when he …show more content…
3. The main assumption(s) underlying the author’s thinking is (are):
(Remember an assumption is something not stated, an underlying belief the author holds.)
The main assumption underlying the author’s thinking is that Singer believes that if it is within an individual’s or government’s power to prevent suffering, or save lives that it should be done no matter what the circumstances or costs just so long as the reasons for doing so are not morally skewed. “If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it” (Singer, Pg. 722).
4. Relate this article to at least two of our class readings and any theories discussed in class thus far. (Kant, Mill, Aristotle, Utilitarianism, Consequentialism, Virtue Theory, Ethical Egoism, etc. Please reserve your discussion to the philosophers and not the generic