Essay Family Systems Therapy
Adlerian Family Therapy
Chandra S. McCray
Family systems therapy is based on the concept that individuals are best understood through evaluating the entire family. Symptoms in individuals are seen as a result in dysfunctions in their family system. The family is an interactional unit and a change in one member affects all members. Family therapists believe that an individual’s relations with family have more impact in their lives than anyone could. The family therapist uses the systemic perspective, it believes that individuals may carry a symptom from the entire family, and an individual’s functioning is an outward sign of the way a family functions. …show more content…
Parents should be the natural leaders of families. They are older; more experienced, and carry what society approves for rearing children. However, children have a far greater impact on the development and interactions of the family than do the parents.
Even in functional families, children seem more capable of influencing adult behavior than the other way around. In part, this is because most adults have very little effective preparation for parenting. When it really comes down to it, most parents emulate the same parenting skills from their own upbringings.
Goals of Therapy Adlerian family therapists want to engage parents in a learning experience and a joint effort in the assessment process. Part of this assessment includes an investigation of the multiple ways in which parents function as family leaders. This includes evaluating if they lose the ability to do function as the family leader. Under most conditions, a goal of therapy is to establish and support parents as effective leaders of the family. Using the information gathered during assessment, Adlerian therapist explains the process to the family by describing the place that each person has assumed and their daily task. Goal disclosure also is used to facilitate an understanding of the motivations involved. These interventions serve another goal of therapy: to