Family Development Of Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults

3009 Words Jul 24th, 2015 13 Pages
The family unit is a key factor in the prosocial development of children, adolescents, and young adults. Family is of critical importance because it functions as the principal social unit during the formative years of early childhood. Along with the basic needs, the family is the primary and sometimes the sole source of emotional support, learning opportunities, moral guidance and for developing self-esteem and providing physical necessities. Some adolescents lack this support and guidance, and therefore may turn to substances for coping strategies. However, Family Therapy is vital in the recovery process of an adolescent substance abuser, but also to the family unit as well.
The family has a central role to play in the treatment of any health problem, including substance abuse. Many times the family is in itself dysfunctional, which only exacerbates the problem for an adolescent who is struggling with substance abuse. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration [SAMSHA], 2004, approximately 9.1% of people in the United States aged 12 or older are dependent of some form of psychoactive substance. Family dysfunction is an important influence on future delinquent and antisocial behavior. According to Capaldi and Patterson 1996, “poor family management practices, such as failure to set clear expectations for children’s behavior, insufficient monitoring and supervision, and severe and inconsistent discipline consistently predict later delinquency and substance…

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