Fall Of The Soviet Union Essay

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The Soviet Union was founded by the Bolshevik Party in November 1917. Their leader, Vladimir Lenin, established Communist rule after the end of the Civil War in Russia in 1921. The Communist regime’s central beliefs were based on the theories and ideas of Karl Marx. Marx believed in the creation of a classless society where all citizens were equal. The components of communism affected multiple aspects of the nation. Economically, the Soviet Union achieved little to none economic or industrial growth, due to the formation of a classless society. Stalin achieved total control over the economy, which reflected his ideas of a Totalitarian State. The social impact the totalitarian state had resulted in fear within the people because of the secret …show more content…
While many correlate control with stability, the totalitarian government became one of the most significant political reasons that contributed to the fall of the Soviet Union. With all the animosity among citizens and economic hardships, many dictators used propaganda in a totalitarian government to influence their own people and to make it seem like the government is doing well. often Slogans like, “Peace, Land and Bread” would be used to convey peace and hope (Propaganda). Another political factor that led to the downfall of the Soviet Union was the ending of the Brezhnev Doctrine. The doctrines original intention was to allow, “ The Soviet Union 's policy of intervening with military force, if necessary, to preserve communist rule in the region,” This was all in an effort to keep out the western influence (U.S. Department of State). The ending of the doctrine caused western influence to enter eastern Europe and lead to the collapse of communism (U.S. Department of …show more content…
During the time of the Soviet Union under Communism, hundreds of thousands of people were unjustly killed and lived under constant fear of the government. Freedoms were almost next to none, as one could ace extreme punishment for statements against the nation. Freedoms such as these are now considered basic human rights that should be upheld. The ending of the Brezhnev Doctrine was a major turning point to the collapse of the Soviet Union because it allowed to bring in western influences which inspired to the major changes in Russia. These reforms, such as glasnost and perestroika, granted many social freedoms for the people. Without censorship, the people were able to know whats really going on in the government. They were able to voice a minimal opinion in government and had somewhat of a democracy. The collapse lead to new and positive changes in the government, economy and majorly improved the daily lives for the

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