Essay about Failure Of Acute Renal Failure

1025 Words Aug 3rd, 2014 5 Pages
Acute renal failure is the sudden dysfunction or disease of the kidneys that can significantly impair renal function within the body. According to Huether and McCance (2012), renal failure is characterized by enough of a decline of renal function to require dialysis. Renal failure is after renal risk and injury, but prior to renal loss and end-stage kidney disease (Huether & McCance, 2012, p755). The dysfunctions the lead to acute kidney failure can be caused due to sudden renal injuries or by systemic diseases of the body. The major issue with acute renal failure is the fact that the kidneys filter the blood so it is linked to every other part of the body and can spread diseases more readily which could make it easily life threatening (Huether & McCance, 2012, page 741). Some of the non-modifiable disease processes that cause acute renal failure are glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN), and acute kidney injury (AKI) (Huether & McCance, 2012, p 751-752 and 755). Glomerulonephritis is an immune problem that leads to injury. The body will either deposit immune complexes into the glomerulus of the kidney or the antibodies reacting against antigens that ended up in the glomerulus of the kidney (Huether & McCance, 2012, p 751). The immune response in the kidneys causes inflammation which in turn decreases the filtration rate. The decreased filtration rate causes a backup in the body of fluids that can lead to oliguria, hematuria,…

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