Factors That May Motive Casual Criminals Into Law Abiding Citizens

1557 Words Dec 13th, 2016 7 Pages
5. Pick two developmental theories and use them to explain why crime declines with age. Which do you think provides the best explanation? Why?

@In criminal justice, researchers are tasked to figure out what motivates people to offend, however to answer that they might have to focus on why some people stop offending. There have been many theories that have attempted to identify and explain what phenomena that may motive casual criminals into law abiding citizens. Theories like Sampson and Laub’s age-grade theory of informal social control and Giordano, Cernkovich, and Rudolph’s cognitive transformation and desistance from crime both offer up explanations for why some people suddenly decided to not to offend anymore. @In Vold 's Theoretical Criminology the authors Bernard, Vold, Snipes, & Gerould (2010)
Sampson and Laub’s age-grade theory of informal social control can give a few explanations for why an individual’s crime declines with age. Some major factors like getting married, maintaining a relationship with spouse, having a stable job, having job commitment, and having employer dependence, etc. can decrease the probability of adult criminal behavior as maintaining social relationships with law abiding people discourages them from acting in ways that is detrimental to their own livelihood. In actuality Sampson and Laub’s claim focuses on the idea that a person’s social bonds is what dissuades them from favoring a criminal lifestyle, thus policies that will cut off…

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