Factors That Increase A Person 's Risk Of Having A Stroke Essay

1813 Words Mar 2nd, 2016 null Page
The REGARDS Study is a national study that focuses on learning more about the factors that increase a person’s risk of having a stroke. It is an observational study of stroke risk factors in adults 45 years and older. There are 30,239 participants that were recruited between 2003 and 2007. The researchers used traditional risk factors to assess the level of risk among black and white participants. Risk factors include: age, race, gender, geographic region, hypertension, diabetes, low HDL cholesterol, smoking, elevated systolic blood pressure, and warfarin use. The participants in the REGARDS Study completed a telephone interview followed by an in-home physical exam. At six month intervals, participants are contacted by phone to ask about stroke symptoms, hospitalizations and general health status. The purpose of the REGARDS study is to understand why certain regions in the USA have more strokes than other regions (the stoke belt), and why blacks develop more strokes than whites. The REGARDS Study has been used in many other studies that looked at racial differences in regards to health. For example, risk factors for ICH have been identified in case-control studies, but not in longitudinal studies. Studies have shown that older age, black, and hypertension were risk factors for ICH. However, longitudinal studies were the first to show that age and the risk of ICH differed among blacks and whites. For example, between the ages of 55 and 74, the ICH risk for blacks was 1.8…

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