Factors That Can Influence Justice in Americal Essay

2546 Words Feb 7th, 2013 11 Pages
Ivy Tech Community College
Patricia Smihter

Factors That Can Influence Justice In America There are several factors that can influence justice in America. I find that you can read and look up information all day on justice in America as far back as history goes. The constitution of the United States and the Supreme Court help set laws and regulations of factors that influence America. Factors that can influence justice in America can vary in topic from race, crime, prisons, policing, even courts. Organized crime is one of the factors that can influence justice in
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However, when the Court inter puts a statute, new legislative action can be taken (supremecourt.gov). Criminal investigations are needed to help the American justice system as well as the Courts. Consider the goal of the American Criminal Justice system for a moment. The primary goal can be categorized into two very distinct missions: 1. The need to enforce the law and maintain social order. 2. The need to protect people from justice. A cursory examination would appear to reflect that the two goals represent a common and consistent ideology. However the two goals are generally considered to be in conflict with each other. The first goal is referred to as the crime control model and was developed by Herbert Parker and presented to the academic world in his analysis of the criminal justice system in the 1960’s. This model places an emphasis and priority upon the aggressive arrest, prosecution, and conviction of criminals. The second goal is quite the opposite focusing on protecting the individual rights of the accused and is commonly referred to as the due process model (Kenneth J. Peak, 2001). Many would argue that the two positions would always be in conflict with each other forcing the American justice system to either make a choice or remain ineffective. Unfortunately, such a perspective is a common

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