Factors Of Drinking And Driving

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College students are particularly susceptible to alcohol-impaired driving(15). Various studies among university students, mainly from high-income countries found high levels of drinking and driving(16). In the USA, almost 3.4 million college students drove under the influence of alcohol and while half of all traffic fatalities among 18–24 years old were alcohol related drink-driving and 41% of college student drinkers report driving after any alcohol use, 17% report driving after drinking five or more drinks, and 28% reported riding with an intoxicated driver(17). In New Zealand, 81% of both women and men drank in the previous 4 weeks, 37% reported 1 or more binge episodes in last week, 14% of women and 15% of men reported 2+ binge episodes …show more content…
et al., (2015) and LaBrie et al., (2011) explained that the six factors associated with drinking and driving have been identified as follows: 1) socio-demographic(19, 20); 2) substance use(21, 22); 3) traffic related behavior(23); 4) weak belief in the importance of not drinking and driving(17); 5) personality characteristics(23); and 6) drinking and driving legislation(15, 24, 25). However, all these factors have been identified among general populations rather than a specific one. Peltzer, K. and S. Pengpid (2015) agreed that there is a lack of studies investigating drink-driving and social-behavioral factors among university students in low-income and emerging economy …show more content…
Every day more than 1000 young people under 25 years old are killed and 1.3 million youths died and other 20-50 million injured each year, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries(26). About 20% of fatally injured drivers in high-income countries and between 33% and 69% of fatally injured drivers and between 8% and 29% of non-fatally injured drivers in low and middle-income countries have excess legal limit of alcohol in their blood (i.e. blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and consumed alcohol before their crash. For example, about 26%-31% of non-fatally injured drivers in South Africa have BAC levels exceeding the country’s limit of 0.08 g/100 ml. In Thailand, nearly 44% of traffic injury victims in public hospitals had BAC levels of 0.10g/100ml or more. In India, 28% of crashes involving males over 15 years old were attributable to alcohol. In Colombia, 34% of driver fatalities and 23% of motorcycle fatalities are associated with speed and/or alcohol. In Nepal, 17% of 870 road traffic crashes (RTCs) were attributed to alcohol use. It emphasized that among drink-drivers, 50% were cyclists, 28% were motorcyclists, 17% bullock cart drivers, and 5% truck drivers. In the US, half a million people are injured and 17 000 killed every year in RTCs involving drink-driving while almost 40% of all youth road traffic fatalities are directly related to alcohol use in Sweden, the Netherlands, and the UK.

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