Factors Of Depression In Youth
June 8, 2015
Depression is a mental disorder that can affect the way an individual behaves as well as how he feels about himself. It is a condition that affects thousands of people in the world without any preference (women, men, children...), causing “emotional disbalances” and interfering with their daily life (Vidal, 2012). Nowadays, clinical diagnosis of depression has increased in the population in a significant way, especially in children and teenagers. Those who suffer from it display extreme variations in behavior such as persistent sadness and loss of self-esteem can take place.
Depression in youth is a reality today. According to a study conducted by the National Comorbidity …show more content…
(National Institute of Mental Health) It is often difficult to diagnose depression during one’s adolescent years due to the massive amount of changes that occur during this stage of development of the human mind and body. Additionally, as times have changed, the environments in which children are growing up have changed too. Changes in social norms (such as family structure and the role of technology in societies), and in the “natural context” (hormonal and physical changes) by which teenagers have to go through, are influencing factors to how young people deal with depression in today’s society. (Bright, 2012) Unlike adults, young people manifest depression in different ways: excessive sleeping, change in eating habits, the obsession with death, fear of death, among others. As most of them are often considered as normal behaviors during adolescence, these symptoms in youngsters are often ignored by the family having as a result the overlook to this illness and the no treatment for …show more content…
This is an environmental factor that influences the development of a child, due that family is the first emotional and sociological support for the individual and when changes occur in it (such as divorces or losses), the development of the child can be affected. In today’s societies, has been seen an increase by the 10% in divorces in families with children under 16 years that, compared to 1970 society. “There exist a close relation between the parental separation and the apparition of depression in kids, being linked the parental conflict and the low self-esteem in the children.” (Coopersmith, 1967) The organization of the family can affect the individual too. According to a study conducted by the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), children with “unbroken families” have lower depression levels that children with “single-parent families” (either by death of one of them or divorce). Besides that, the study shows that the family size is also a factor of depression in children. Among larger the family is, the likelihood that children suffer from depression increases. In these families, the place the kid occupies is linked to the depressive symptomatology that can present during the adolescence, even before. “...firstborn children are those who have less depressive symptomatology and those in the middle position in the group of brothers have greater number of