Role Of Colonialism In Africa

Improved Essays
While many African states such as the Congo and South Africa are rich in natural resources such as diamonds and rubber, the media continues to depict Africa as a very poor continent in need of assistance from western civilization. This depiction stems from the stereotype of a “helpless African” and the ban on industrialization created by the colonial powers during colonization, along with the economic exploitation of Africa’s resources during and after the colonial period. Most of Africa is rich in natural resources; however, many of its countries have remained underdeveloped due to internal and external factors. One of the main arguments in favor of colonialism was the “white man’s burden” (“The White Man’s Burden”). The colonial powers promoted taking over Africa by framing it as the western countries having an …show more content…
No one was allowed to start or own a business; therefore, the industrial revolution of Africa was delayed by colonization. The Africans became completely dependent on the colonial powers. One of the arguments against ending colonization was that the way in which it had been carried out forced the African states to be too dependent on their colonial power to function as independent states. Walter Rodney refers to western powers as a “one-armed bandit” because of the way they robbed Africa of much of their natural resources and trade (Rodney 108). He goes on to describe the ways in which the western states set up Africa to fail after colonization by describing the lack of internal trade, no roads that connected different colonies, and forcing many of the states to be a mono-crop nation (Rodney 110). The African workers were either paid little or nothing, but very few of the profits gained during colonial times were invested back into the colonized countries unless, however, it benefitted the

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Although they educated a very few number of them, education opened the door to anti colonial and nationalistic activity. After World War Two and the democratic propaganda ceased influencing Africa they were determined to struggle for independence. The different colonial governments left behind roads, railroads, ports, new technology, and other benefits to the continent of Africa as a whole. Nevertheless, their impact on Africa was not all positive. Their foreign policies damaged the traditional economies and drastically changed the social ranks of land ownership and labor.…

    • 1325 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Africa Unchained Analysis

    • 1018 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Back in the days sub-Sahara Africa had one of the lowest per capita since the end of the 1960s. Not only was income at its lowest, but assets, and access to essential services were unevenly distributed. Certain regions of Africa had no type of power to influence so other places can by from them. Moreover towards the evolvement of Africa, problems have occurred towards the people. Certain epidemic that people have contracted in Africa was endemic diseases like HIV/AIDS and Malaria.…

    • 1018 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Colonialism also abused the African trading system and crippled the African economy. Europeans took advantage of Africa’s natural resources and their trading system and integrated it into their own economy. The Gold Coast economy was integrated into the British economy and the Ivory Coast economy was integrated into the French economy, while the African colonies had little or no effective economic relations. The amount of energy put into inter-African trade was miniscule when compared to how much was exported. Only ten percent of Africa’s trade was internal since inter African trade didn’t benefit the Europeans it was never encouraged by the foreigners (Rodney,…

    • 1067 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Due to the lack of funds and poor advancement in farming machinery progress towards development in Africa, many African countries did not have adequate funds to begin any economic development projects. This was inhibiting and made it so the countries did not have feasible farm machinery. Without this, efficiency and production was lax at best. The simple use of basic equipment and mostly hand tools could not meet the level of production necessary to be competitive. While there remains to be little economic growth in…

    • 757 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Africa In Blood Diamond

    • 906 Words
    • 4 Pages

    From the creation of ‘The Dark Continent’ in which Africa and Africans were presented as the complete opposite to Europe and Europeans. In the 17th century and onwards, discussions over slavery, colonialism and racism contributed to the negative accounts of Africa in Western media and discourse. One of the discourses about Africa in Western media circle around political and financial corruption. The corruption in African governments are widely reported in Western media, African politicians stealing money from the poor masses to enrich themselves and their families. The fact that many of the corrupt and failed power systems in Africa are derived from Western source, forcefully imposed on the continent at formal independence, is never really mentioned.…

    • 906 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Reconstruction Failure

    • 1411 Words
    • 6 Pages

    This allowed for the failure to continue, and for sharecropping contracts that would leave the former slaves at a disadvantage, such as the sharecropping contract that a North Carolinian family approved which severely limited the former slaves freedom, as well as where they could go and how they would make their crops, and their money off of their crops. The United States government also failed to address the Louisiana Black Codes, which severely limited where and when the former slaves could go without permission which they did not need. The failure to address these codes demonstrate is a reason that lead for this goal to be unachieved. The black codes led into the statement that Henry Adams gave that showed the Black Codes’ impact on the former slaves’ lives and how the freedom that the United States promised them was more similar to a prison sentence because of the consequences explained in the black codes and how the men who encountered Henry Adams detailed. This division was not only geographical but political as well.…

    • 1411 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Was Africa being exploited for cheap raw materials? The raw materials extracted from Africa were marginal to the European economic activity at 19th centuries (Stein, 2015). This means that the raw materials extracted from Africa presented little industrial value to Europe: the raw materials from Africa were used by more obsolete industries because most of the materials from Africa were available elsewhere (Young, 2014). Thus there was little motivation for European countries to exploit Africa as a cheap source of raw materials (Young, 2014). European countries did not exploit African countries as markets for dumping their goods either.…

    • 1782 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    European Imperialism in Africa had a negative effect on both Africa and the rest of the world by destroying African society, technology and culture. Europe, In the late 1800’s made its way into Africa. As Africa grew countries such as France, Britain, and Germany came in for personal benefits and started taking their resources. These European powers went into Africa destroying their society, materials, and culture because they only cared about their strength and resources. Africa was an easy target due to a large surplus in cash crops, not politically strong, and no modernization compared to the European countries with excelled technology.…

    • 1494 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Reconstruction DBQ

    • 1128 Words
    • 5 Pages

    America tried to do the unbelievable during Reconstruction; they tried to abolish slavery altogether. This process was a complete failure and it only made southerners hate African Americans even more. The purpose of Reconstruction was to reunite the Southern states with the North and make America whole again. After and during Reconstruction, Africans were treated very poorly. As fellow Americans, the government was supposed to treat everyone with equality, however, Africans still were not being treated like humans.…

    • 1128 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Another major reason for this long lasting effect is during the time of colonization “whenever internal forces seemed to push in the direction of African industrialization, they were deliberately blocked by the colonial governments […]. European industrialists did not then welcome even the simple stage of processing groundnuts into oil on African…

    • 1448 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays

Related Topics