Factors For Youth Gang Involvement Essay

1035 Words Oct 23rd, 2015 5 Pages
The aim of this research is to identify three social factors for youth gang involvement, while referring to the social disorganization theory. In this paper I argue that youth join gangs because of the crime-ridden neighborhoods, poor structural education system, and peer gang affiliation. Social Disorganization theory is able to explain crime-ridden neighborhoods, and poor structural education system as reasons for youth gang involvement, but it is unable to account for why peers gang affiliation lead youth to join gangs.
In terms of sociology, the social disorganization theory has been identified as the most significant theory in relation with ecological theory, developed by Shaw and McKay at the school in Chicago. They developed the social disorganization theory to explain the changes across neighborhoods over time. Alleyne and Wood (2014) argue that the theory of social disorganization discusses the impact of human ecology on the involvement of youth population in gangs. Social disorganization theory argues that the residential places are more significant than individuals.
Lilly, Francis and Richard (2015) explain that social disorganization theory is based on Burgess’s concentric zone theory that the economic deficiency result in the population change and instability. This will result in weakened social control that bound people together and outcome as disorganize neighborhoods (Lilly et al. 2015). The theory describes that disorganized neighborhoods produce crime by…

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