Factors Affecting The Performance Appraisal Essay examples

1431 Words Nov 29th, 2016 6 Pages
a. Potential Rating or Scoring Errors

The following are some of the commonly occurring errors: o Halo effect – tendency to allow a positive (or desirable) quality, trait, or feature of an individual to enhance the appraisal ratings o Horn effect – tendency to allow a negative (or undesirable) quality, trait, or feature of an individual to taint the appraisal ratings o Rater Bias – tendency to allow individual differences (or personal characteristics) such as age, race, religion, disability, and gender to affect the appraisal ratings o Favoritism – tendency to overlook the flaws of favored employees o Central Tendency – tendency to give an average rating regardless of the actual performance o Strictness – tendency to give lower rating than the employee deserves o Leniency – tendency to give higher rating than the employee deserves o Recency – tendency to rate employees based on recent performance o Primacy – tendency to rate employees based on earlier or (primary) performance

b. Legal Impact

The performance appraisal itself may become the target of lawsuit (Miller, 2008). If the appraisal is implemented accurately and truthfully, it can decrease the risk of litigation. On the other hand, if the appraisal is implemented poorly, it can increase the risk of litigation.

Accurate and honest performance appraisal
− Can offer clear documentation of performance
− Can support disciplinary or termination decision
− Can avoid potential discrimination charges
− Can protect against…

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