Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

998 Words Apr 10th, 2016 4 Pages
“The term motivation refers to factors that activate, direct, and sustain goal-directed behavior… Motives are the “why” of behaviors- the needs or wants that drive behavior and explain what we do. We don’t actually observe a motive; rather, we infer that one exists based on the behavior we observe.” (Nevid, 2013) Motivation is the aspiration or keenness of a person to do or achieve something. Studies have found that there are two different types of motivation that people typically use to achieve things; extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation is the behavior in which something is achieved or completed in order to get a reward or to keep from receiving any unfavorable results. (Ryan, 2000) Extrinsic motivation is when external things are the motives. When a student decides that they want to study to get good grades. This is a form of extrinsic motivation because the student’s motivation is receiving the good grade and not just because he/she wants to learn the material to be a better student. People who play sports or compete in contests for prize or reward are also being driven by extrinsic motivation. They are playing with the prize or reward as their motivation to succeed. In the workplace, this type of motivation is often used. Employees may work really hard on a project to get a promotion or a raise. If an employer wants the best work on a project, they can get their employees together and offer a prize for whoever presents the better…

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