Explore the Resemblances and Differences Between Kantian and Christian Ethics.

3103 Words Oct 31st, 2008 13 Pages
Viet-Duy PHAM (99563905)
“The starry heavens above me;
The moral law within me.”
- Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804)-

Through ancient times and evolution of history ethics has always been viewed as a center of societies of mankind, embracing practical nature links it with many other areas of study, including anthropology, biology, economics, history, politics, sociology, and theology with the teaching of Western philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, or Asia with the view of Confucius, Lao-tzu or Meng Tzu etc. Yet, “ethics remains distinct from such disciplines because it is not a matter of factual knowledge in the way that the sciences and other branches of inquiry are. Rather, it has to do with determining the nature of normative theories
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Through that views one can see that Kantian ethics is centered within reason must be demanded of all rational beings; hence, rational action cannot be based on a single individual's personal interest, but must be action in accordance with something that can be a universal law.

Goodwill is developed by acting on maxims that can pass the test given by Kant’s principle of morality in the Categorical Imperative, “I should never act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law.” In other words, in order for your act to be moral, you must be able to universalize the principle you acted upon. So, if it is right for you, it would be right for everyone to act the same, Kant divides the duties and imposed this formula as the perfect duty, which is not to act by maxims that result in logical contradictions when we attempt to universalize them. Further Kant also imposed the imperfect duty, which is the duty to act only by maxims that we would desire to be universalized, Pecorino (2000) referred that’s an act which should do as possible but can not be expected to do always (Pecorino Philip A, 2000). For example lying may seen as immoral but if in a situation of life and death of a love-one or national securities which involve many innocents, through and after rationalize balancing factors relative within, one can lies to save the

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