Explain What Constitutes the Physical and Psychological Needs of a Three Year Old Child. Explain How You Would Ensure That These Physical and Psychological Needs Can Ideally Be Met in a Setting/Nursery Which the 3 Year

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Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how you would ensure that these physical and psychological needs can ideally be met in a setting/nursery which the 3 year old child attends from 8 am to 6 pm, 5 days a week. * Identify and define the specific physical needs of a three year old child – including exercise and rest, diet, health and safety. (10) * Give a full explanation of how these physical needs should ideally be met by an early years setting/nursery which offers care from 8am to 6pm five days a week. (17.5) * Identify and define the psychological needs of a three year old child – focus on emotional and social needs. (10) * Give a full explanation of how the …show more content…
Children here are encouraged to wear cool, loose comfortable clothing because of the weather. Classrooms also have large windows that allow for cross ventilation. Care has to be taken to ensure that school environments are temperature controlled especially in the cold months. Plenty of opportunities for rest and sleep should also be provided. Sit down activities after vigorous play should be encouraged. A nap in the afternoon is also advisable.

Classrooms should be bright, colourful and inviting for the children. A table and chair, preferably name tagged, help children with routine. A clean environment, friendly faces and lots of opportunities to explore and play will allow effective learning. Issacs, believes “the orderly organisation of a classroom, the freedom to move freely and select activities, the readiness of the activities for use all contribute to the child’s growing sense of well being as they come to learn how the classroom works and what is expected of them.” (Issacs. B, 2004, pp 13).

Psychological needs of a three year old are more difficult to observe than their physical needs. Their social and emotional development comes from within and all children express their feelings differently. Home environment plays a major role on the child’s sense of survival, belonging, participation and self esteem in an outside setting. Infants bond emotionally with their caregiver within the first year and these are an

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