Explain the Principal Psychological Perspectives Applied to the Understanding of the Development of Individuals

7737 Words Oct 27th, 2012 31 Pages
Unit 29 Assignment 1:

* P1 Explain the principal psychological perspectives applied to the understanding of the development of individuals * M1 Discuss the principal psychological perspectives applied to the understanding of the development of individuals * D1 Evaluate the principal psychological perspectives applied to the understanding of the development of individuals

There are numerous debates in regards to developmental psychology. One of the main debates to begin with is nature vs nurture; some individuals believe that we are products of our environment while others regards us while others believe that we are products of our genetics. John Locke believes that when we are born we are a “tabula rasa” a blank slate
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As a result of that it can be detrimental to their overall development.
With that said there have been many criticisms of this approach, by different psychologists such as Bower,Vygotsky, Hughes and Bruner. Bower believed that infants and children are more cognitively proficient than what Piaget suggested. Vygotsky believes that there are socio-culture factors that can affect a child’s development and stressed that, which subsequently challenges Piaget’s view of cognitive development as Piaget underestimates that fact. Vygotsky also placed importance on the role of language in regards to cognitive development which once again Piaget didn’t emphasise. Vgotsky also viewed cognitive development as a continuous process, while Piaget considers them as a succession of stages. Bruner’s theory also supports Piaget’s theory to some extent however it also disagrees with Piaget on numerous aspects. While Piaget’s theory is discontinuous, Bruner views cognitive development as a continuous development and believes that cognitive development can be sped up; while Piaget believes that you have to wait for the child’s cognitive structure to develop. Martin Hughes believed that Piaget underestimated children as the tests he used to determine the cognitive abilities of children were too hard and that is what lead to the results. Piaget tested egocentrism within children using the “three mountains task”, from this test he found that children are no longer at age 7. However Hughes did

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