Explain the distinction Jean Grimshaw makes between misogyny and philosophically significant ‘maleness’ of philosophical theories.

983 Words Oct 30th, 2013 4 Pages
1. Explain the distinction Jean Grimshaw makes between misogyny and philosophically significant ‘maleness’ of philosophical theories.
Jean Grimshaw argues the idea that the discipline of Philosophy is gendered in some way by making a distinction between misogyny and philosophically significant ‘maleness ‘of philosophical theories. The ‘maleness’ of philosophy is characterised by the fact that most of the practitioners of philosophy have been and are still male. Grimshaw argues that this fact alone does not establish the ‘maleness’ of philosophy but gives a sense of understanding. The second point Grimshaw argues is the way in which male philosophers devalue women and how women are believed to be inferior or held in contempt. Grimshaw
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What are the main ideas he uses to support this point?
Mark Sagoff explores the idea of animal and environmental ethics. His key point to his argument is that animal activists cannot be environmentalists. Animal activists believe that animals have rights equal to human beings. Sagoff suggests that nature is more detrimental than humanity. Nature undermines the rights of animals by killing them in far greater numbers than humans. ‘Few organisms survive to reach sexual maturity most are quickly annihilated in the struggle for existence’, nature limits animal populations by killing every individual before maturity. Nature comes to animals with suffering that exceeds animal suffering at the hands of humans: predation, starvation, disease, cold, parasitism, etc. Sagoff argues that to protect the rights and interests of animals, animal activists should be taking animals out of the wild and placed into more humane environments such as; wilderness areas, national parks, farms. Animal activists should be trying to prevent predation, however such a proposal is anti-environmentalist.it sacrifices the authenticity, integrity and wildness of ecosystems. Therefore, animal activists cannot consistently be environmentalists, and vice-versa. There are significant differences between animal activists and environmentalists. Animal activists are concerned with animal equality

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