Explain How Theories of Development and Frameworks to Support Development Influence Current Practice

1151 Words Aug 22nd, 2012 5 Pages
There are many different theories of development that help us to understand children’s behaviour, reactions and ways of learning. All equally important as they influence practice. To begin with there is Piaget’s constructivist theories which look at the way in which children seem to be able to make sense of their world as a result of their experiences and how they are active learners. He also suggested that as children develop so does their thinking. Piaget’s work has influenced early years settings into providing more hands on and relevant tasks for children and young people. In other words the children are ‘learning through play’. Teachers are working out the needs of children and plan activities accordingly.

Vygotsky is another
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Sometimes it is better to ignore bad behaviour unless the child is doing something that could harm them self.

Albert Bandura was another theorist but he believed in the social learning theory. Although he accepted the principles of conditioning he also believed that there was more to it which was learning my watching others. This is why it is important for adults working with young children to act as good role models. You will often see children acting out things they have observed in their play. For example when they are playing in the home corner.

The most influential theorist of personality is Sigmund Freud. Freud suggested that there are three parts to our personality her called them the ID the Ego and the Super Ego. The ID strives for immediate gratification of all desires. If these needs are not satisfied immediately then the result is a state of anxiety or tension. When we are babies we only have the ID. This is what makes sure that our needs are met as babies. If a baby is hungry or uncomfortable a baby will cry and cry until its demands of the ID are met. The Ego is the part of the personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. The Ego ensures that the impulses of the ID can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The Super Ego is the part of our personality which holds all our moral standards. In other words our sense of right and wrong. According to Freud this part of our personality emerges around the

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