Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors

966 Words Nov 18th, 2013 4 Pages
Core 3.1
2.1. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors
2.2. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors
3.2. Explain the reasons why children’s development might not follow the expected pattern
Factors that influence development.
Core 3.1 2.1
Children’s development is influenced by a variety of different personal factors. Such factors can include Cerebral palsy, downs syndrome, dyslexia, and many more.
Cerebral palsy occurs when there is lack of oxygen to a baby’s brain when being delivered. This causes brain damage which can then cause problems when trying to reach development norms. Cerebral palsy affects a child’s
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Poverty is an external factor that has a huge effect on children and young people’s development. “Being poor puts children and young people at risk. Poverty has a negative impact on health, educational achievement and social participation.” (Cambridgeshire.gov. (Online) March 2010). This shows that poverty doesn’t just impact a child’s health but also a child’s development. By effecting social participation, it means that a child growing up in poverty may struggle to form relationships. This may also affect their communication skills which will possibly last into adulthood.
Neglect is also an external factor that will impact development in children and young people. Neglect is failure to care for properly.
“Its impact can become more severe as a child grows older and can encompass multiple areas, including:
Health and physical development
Intellectual and cognitive development
Emotional and psychological development
Social and behavioural development”(Child welfare. (Online) 2006).
This shows how much of an impact neglect can have on a child/young person’s development, as it doesn’t just effect one area of development but multiple areas and can last a lifetime.
Neglect in early years will then make the child develop trust issues and affect relationship building. They will also have low-confidence and low self-esteem which will possibly affect them for most of their life, or until at least adulthood.

A child being in foster care is

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