Essay about Experiment 13: Synthesis of 1-Bromobutane

824 Words Aug 25th, 2013 4 Pages
Experiment 11: Reactivities of Some Alkyl Halides in Substitution Reactions
Materials & Methods:
Materials used:
1-bromobutane
1-chlorobutane
bromocyclopentane
Bromocylcohexane
2-chlorobutane
2-bromobutane
2-chloro2-metylpropane
2-bromo-2-methylpropane
Crotyl chloride
Bromobenzene
Benzyl chloride
1-chloroadamantene

Methods/Techniques:
Physiochemical Research:
Reagent | Formula Weight | Density | Boiling Point | Melting Point | Color |
1-bromobutane | 137.023 g/mol | 1.2676 g/ml | 372-376 K | 160.7 K | Clear |
1-chlorobutane | 92.57 g/mol | .89 g/ml | 351 K | 150 K | Clear |
bromocyclopentane | 158.08 g/mol | 1.473 g/ml | 411.15 K | | Clear |
Bromocylcohexane | 163.06 g/mol | 1.324 g/cm3 | 439.15 K | |
…show more content…
The color went from clear to yellow. |
2-bromobutane | >15 min | not reactive | After 15 minutes the mixture was observed to be not reactive. The color changed from clear to yellow. |
2-chloro2-metylpropane | >15 min | not reactive | After 15 minutes the mixture was observed to be not reactive. The color changed from clear to light white. |
2-bromo-2-methylpropane | >15 min | Not reactive | After 15 minutes the mixture was observed to be not reactive. The color changed from clear to light white. |
Crotyl chloride | <2 min | reactive | The mixture reacted with in 2 minutes. The color changed from clear to brown. |
Bromobenzene | <15 min | not reactive | After 15 minutes the mixture was observed to be not reactive. The color changed from clear to light white. |
Benzyl chloride | <1 min | reactive | The mixture was found to be reactive with in 1 minute. The color changed from clear to light orange. |
1-chloroadamantene | >15 min | Not reactive | After 15 minutes the mixture was observed to be not reactive. The color changed from clear to light orange. |

SN1 Reaction
Substrate | Reaction Time | Indication of Reaction | Explanation |
1-bromobutane | Immediately | cloudy | The mixture was reactive on entering the test tube. The color changed from clear to cloudy. |
1-chlorobutane | <30 sec (in heat) | | After15 minutes the mixture |…

Related Documents