Examples Of Existentialism In Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

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When one starts to argue with the concept of life, it is often because the individual does not find any joy on how to live their own life. If one questions their purpose, worry about if their contributions to society will become meaningless or the fear of no one appreciating them for who they are, it is guaranteed to bring a wide range of emotions that will affect the way of how the individual perceives his/her own character. The notion of someone losing their drive to face obstacles and challenges due to the fact that life never had a meaning is directly tied to a concept that is referred to as “existentialism” – the idea that the universe does not provide any meaning or purpose in one’s lives, as it is required for people to take responsibility …show more content…
To begin, Gregor’s selflessness is one of the many traits that lead to his downfall since he is willing to help out others more than he does for himself – even though this trait of Gregor is perceived as an act of kindness, it actually has a negative impact on himself; his responsibility of helping out his family is a huge contribution towards his existentialist crisis. As an illustration, Gregor is easily tricked by his family that they were low in income, resulting in him having to take part of a job that he clearly despises due to the working conditions set by his boss and coworkers. In addition, Gregor’s father tells his son that he has money that he earned from his defunct business, which is enough to support the entire family. The significance behind this section of the novella is how Gregor seems to not care at all about the fact that his family uses him as a money-making tool to provide them with more income than what they actually need. Seeing how Gregor still insists on trying to fit in with the family, even after they no longer find any purpose on him shows that Gregor is not able to stand up for himself as he never thinks about moving somewhere else where others could treat him with the respect that he deserves. Generally speaking, as Gregor …show more content…
What is perhaps the most conspicuous reason why Holden cannot fit in is due to how he perceives everything in such a negative manner. To clarify, the way that Holden keeps on pointing out the flaws of everyone and labelling them as “phonies” and how his sister Phoebe even shares her honest feelings about Holden prove that he does not find anything positive about his life. Holden’s way of thinking develops his existentialist crisis further is because no one would want to spend their time with someone who does not have anything positive to say about them, especially Stradlater and Ackley, who constantly remind Holden that they do not like being offended for the most insignificant reasons. In addition, Phoebe’s honest opinion about her brother, Holden is like a wake-up call for Holden, meaning that he has to cease thinking negatively about the places and people that are a part of his life – if Holden still continues, his existentialist crisis will worsen, possibly to the point of him wanting to take his own life. Another reason that shows Holden’s isolation from society is how Holden’s personality is inconsistent as he sometimes acts a child, but at the same times, behaves as an adult. For example, he often creates childish questions that are considered unimportant towards adults, and that includes the time when he asks a taxi driver named Horwitz

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