Existentialism In Shakespeare's Hamlet

“A philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.” –Internet meaning

Existentialism is the idea that a man lives due to his free will and individuality. That every human define their own meaning in life. It also tackles what is human existence and that human defines their own meaning of life. This idea believes that there is no God, or any higher being or transcendent force. This idea states that the only way to rise or to counter the human fate which was to have suffering and eventually death is by exercising your free will or freedom of choice.
Existentialism was inspired by Soren Kierkegaard
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During the years Shakespeare wrote Hamlet his father had died, they believe that his father’s death was the one who triggered Shakespeare to write Hamlet together with the death of his son in 1556 and his sister when he was a teenager.
They believed that the story of Hamlet was derived from a play called Amleth, they both have the same plot where their father died, their mother re-married their uncles, both were exiled and was plotted to be killed. Shakespeare didn’t change the story much but only changed the name of some of the main characters. Shakespeare had a history of taking old plays and re-writing it and improving it in the process so they believed that Hamlet was not his original idea, he had 3 versions of Hamlet, the first is First Quarto, the Second Quarto, and the last one is First Folio. It is assumed that Shakespeare took pieces from the first three version to write his own in a much darker
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In the passage:
How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of this world!

He think of the irrationality of the world which shows some principle of existentialism. On how cruel the world was.
Also in the passage with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet reflect on the essence of man sarcastically.
What a piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! And yet to me what is this quintessence of dust? Man delights not

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