Essay on Existentialism : A Philosophical Movement

936 Words Sep 30th, 2016 4 Pages
Existentialism is considered a philosophical movement that originated in Europe in the early 19th century. The ideas to existentialism emphasize on human beings existing, having the freedom and a choice in life matters. The philosophers who were the creators of this movement were Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. During World War II (WWII) the existentialism became increasingly protuberant. It was during this time that philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre came into existence. Jean-Paul Sartre was born in Paris, France in 1905. During his younger years, he studied at Ecole Normale Superieure. By 1931, Jean-Paul Sartre provided his erudition’s at Le Harvre in 1931 as a professor of philosophy. The intention of the movement is that existence precedes essence. Mankind exists and within our presence individuals define a purpose of their own lives without external factors weighing in. We have a choice of freedom and how we want to live as an individual. So what is Jean-Paul truly tries to provide us with the notion “existence precedes essence”? As Sartre’s states is “man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the world – and defines himself afterward. If a man as the existentialist sees him is not definable, it is because to begin with, he is nothing. He will not be anything until later, and then he will be what he makes of himself” (Sartres, 1946). Sartre 's defends the difference between two types of existentialism. Sartre…

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