Exegesis And Hermaneutics : How On Interpret The Gospels And Epistles

800 Words Aug 7th, 2016 4 Pages
Exegesis and Hermaneutics: How to Interpret the Gospels and Epistles Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the four Gospels which contain the rich history of Jesus ' life, death and Resurrection, which is the Good News that we as His follower 's need to share with other people (New International Version, Matthew 5:14-16). These books were written as eyewitness narratives of Jesus ' miracles and teachings so they are accurate historical records of Jesus ' life and sayings as a man here on earth. The epistles contain parts of theology and instructions for the Church to live as the body of Christ. There are some similarities and differences in how to interpret each of these New Testament books, which both include the process of exegesis and hermaneutics. The first step that one must take to interpret any Biblical text, is to perform exegesis on the text to determine what the author was saying to the people at that time (Gordon and Fee 27). A Bible dictionary or commentary is helpful for understanding the historical context of the author 's setting (33). The next step is to find out the literary context and observe the format the passage was written in. For determining whether a book is an Epistle or not, one must look at the literary format; true epistles will be letters which include the following items: the name of the writer, the recipient or intended audience, a greeting, body, then a final greeting or farewell (59). The Gospels are written as narratives of Jesus ' life and…

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