Virtual Reality Simulations

Superior Essays
A Promising Approach: Virtual Environments to Parallel Social Interactions
The theory of radical behaviorism, theorized by B.F. Skinner, focuses on the idea that our behavior and thoughts (viewed as behaviors themselves) are all products of our environment. It is what we encounter that ultimately sets up our beliefs and views not only of the world we live in but also the people that live in it. However, because we can only experience actual real life situations, social psychologists often ponder imagined interactions and the affect it could have on human behavior, thoughts, and interactions. In recent years, researchers have obtained access to virtual environments, a digital world for participants to fully interact and engage in. Although
…show more content…
The intricate design of traditional experiments and virtual reality simulations can similarly affect participant’s interactions. According to Dr. Brown (personal communication, September, 15, 2016), an associate professor at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, “you can learn people’s reactions to a scenario with a vignette, but its hard to know what they would actually do in those situations. Virtual reality simulations are more real, more aversive, which offers the chance that their responses might be more similar to real life”. Virtual environments not only expand beyond traditional surveys into more realistic designs, but they are also capable of creating “interaction contexts that, to date, have not been adapted to experimental methods” (Reis, 2002). However, a participant need’s to be able to not only be surrounded by the most realistic objects and humans, but also believe that such objects and humans are real. Social presence is the degree to which a participant believes the virtual human being to be representative of behaviors and characteristics of a real human in the physical world. A well designed virtual reality simulation must simultaneously achieve both social presence and behavioral realism. Blascovich et al. (2002b) approaches this concern with his threshold model of social influence. A higher amount of social presence and behavioral realism will result in higher effects of social influence, thus, it is more likely that the experimental results can be applied to real social scenarios. Furthermore, Groom et. al (2002) recognizes Blascovich’s approach and believes “the very artificiality of the virtual world allows the experiment to decouple what is inextricably confounded in the real world, improving the ability to draw causal inferences and thereby, enhancing internal validity”. In order to achieve artificial “social

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    With realism it has another concept embedded sometimes called meta-reality, this concept encompasses the view that reality is seen as a whole rather than from a subjective, personalised point of view, as hypothesised with social constructionism. Positivism limits what a thing is by what can be known. Moreover, distinction between epistemology and ontology are drawn, thus the ‘criteria for existence is casual rather than just observational’ (Owens, 2015). Furthermore meta-realism then becomes the tool for the evolution of consciousness, allowing people to think further than just the empirical and understand that social action is meaningful and that reality is not just socially constructed, it is out there and it is real. Additionally it accepts the idea that the study of knowledge is possible.…

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Therefore, both the person's actions, and experiences that determine those actions, rely on socialization. Berger and Luckmann's social construction of reality is best examined when the reality of the situation changes. The meanings beforehand established (ex. cannibalism is bad) can change when circumstances change. "Society is a social product, society is an objective reality, humans are social products"; which means that when the social situation making definitions of what is right change, the definition of what is right can change.…

    • 1629 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Our definitional model of consciousness states that consciousness cannot be explicitly measured, however is biologically rooted and dependent on the brain. Although consciousness is cognitive and internal, it is developed through social interactions with others as well as social reflections on those interactions. In this way consciousness is a social construction that is rooted in, and dependent on, cultural grounding and context (Lutz 1992, Sandstrom 2010). This ‘awareness of awareness’ is driven by how one internally and externally understands themselves based on how well adjusted they are to the socially and culturally agreed upon understandings of consciousness structures at that given time and place, in this way, consciousness experience…

    • 2050 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Dann Downes,” n.d.) . Introduction: The Inventio Fortunata Downes sets forth his theory of interactive realism, which emphasizes reality through digital artifacts, to help us understand content and experiences within the digital. He also notes the importance of the “poetics of cyberspace,” which he defines as “the collection of metaphors and representations that organize, influence, and constrain our thinking” in cyberspace (Downes, 2005, p. xiv). The poetics become the central focus for the text. Chapter 1: The Dual Specificity of…

    • 1550 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Advanced correlational techniques may suggest the cause and effect statistically removing the influence of, for example, but extraneous variables associated. The advantage of correlational research is that it tends to happen in real situations, where we can consider factors such as race, gender and social status. Our fast generalizations are adaptive, but sometimes they are wrong. The common ways that people form or maintains false beliefs. Our preconceptions control our performances; our preconceptions guide how we perceive and interpret the information, influence social judgments, that is, we do not respond to the reality as it is, but the reality as we build on the mind.…

    • 751 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The origin of the human belief in higher power is a topic of great exploration. One way to understand this is through theory of mind. Theory of mind is the ability to infer information about others based on their beliefs, goals, and desires; it allows humans“to reason about the unobservable mental states of others” (Bering 172). It enables us to better understand other people, to make assumptions, and to save us from troubles or embarrassments. Theory of mind helps humans live functional lives.…

    • 1224 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    So even though (for instance), a social scientist may have crafted an experiment to help study a certain social phenomena—and even though it can be repeated—other analysis, via peer review, is absolutely necessary in the social sciences to give critical insight into the structural flaws in research, or the gathering or interpreting of data. This peer-review in the social sciences therefore act as a third way to account for the complexities inherent in the human/social subjects of study in the social sciences. It is also vital to the establishment of newer, more developed, and better methods of analysis within the social sciences. For after all, if no one even checked each other’s work, and if no one ever went back to test the validity of claims made in a given research report, the result would be a “science” composed of true-seeming but not necessarily valid claims about the nature of social behavior. Different perspectives of phenomena, as well as one’s own study of those phenomena, are valuable means of enhancing the social scientist’s grasp of the complexity in their subject…

    • 1081 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    For research project, I decided to research what the neuropsychological effect of Unilateral Spatial Inattention (USI) has on a person. All of the other ideas for topics I’d thought of were too difficult to do so I decided to ask my teacher and optometrists for help in discovering a topic. I really wanted to do a topic on ‘visual neglect’ because it was among those that was related to psychology, which I am highly interested in. After talking to an optometrist online, I was convinced that the proper term for this particular eye syndrome was ‘USI’. USI is described as a behavioural syndrome in which a patient cannot interpret the left side of objects/ people due to damage to the brain.…

    • 1590 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cognitive and Social psychology are two branches of Psychology, analysing how human internal mental processes functions and the study of human interaction, feelings and relationships within groups and individuals in society. Both branches of psychology are helpful and relevant towards communication studies. Communication studies are an academic field that processes human communication, which explores the different ways humans, negotiate and create meaning. Communication topics range from mass media outlets to face-to-face conversation (IowaState.org, 2014). This essay explains how social and cognitive psychologies differ in their relevance towards communication studies and identifies which approach offers the most powerful insights.…

    • 1241 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    What Is Social Psychology?

    • 2583 Words
    • 11 Pages

    If one has ever given great thought to why we act the way we do, or the reason why our attitudes change or develop a certain way, one will be thinking of social psychology. Social psychology studies many aspects and variables that impact situations. Social psychology and those that study social psychology are able to answer many questions as to why some people are better leaders than others and to why someone is better at a certain position rather than others. Social psychology is a form of studies that use scientific methods to figure out how we think, feel and the behavior of us as humans. What social psychology does is that it can fully understand human’s behavior in various social situations and environment.…

    • 2583 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Superior Essays

Related Topics