Transcendental Deduction Argument

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Explain the aim and the argument (or one of the arguments) of the ‘transcendental deduction of the categories '.

Emmanuel Kant wrote “The Critique of Pure Reason” where transcendental deduction falls under and is arguably one of his most difficult works. Of central focus in this essay is explaining the aim of the transcendental deduction of the categories with reference to one of the arguments proposed by Kant. Transcendental deduction aims to show how we can know that experience conforms to the categories. The argument that I will propose of Kant’s that answers in this essay is objective validity.

To begin with, Kant formulated the transcendental deduction with two interrelated arguments. Firstly, one that is of main focus is objective validity, which states that if our experience is to present us with an
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A concept is a guideline for how we combine fragments into a whole, what he calls separate fragments, is identified as a manifold. Accordingly, a concept is a guideline for how we synthesize a manifold. The account of synthesis enables us with the ability to apprehend and recollect experiences, leaving us with the categories. Furthermore, the argument discussed advocates that the categories are indispensable, not only for thinking but for our perception of objects (Peikoff, 2016), (Roessler, 2016).

In contrast, James Van Cleve wrote “Is Kant’s transcendental deduction of the categories fit for purpose?”. What he meant in his paper is of asking whether Kant’s argument achieves what he aimed to find out? Cleve refuted and stated that the best part of what the transcendental deduction shows is that we must apply the categories to experience. He argues that it does not provide a sufficient answer to Kant’s main aim. At most what it does show is that the categories must be applied to experience and concludes that Kant’s deduction fails to fulfil its aims (Cleve, 1999), (Gomes,

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