Marriage And Family Sociology

Better Essays
Main body In the e-text, Marriages and Families: Diversity and Change by Mary Ann Schwartz and BarBara Marliene Scott, it is established that sociology examines society at the Micro and Macro level phenomena. Microsociology looks at a small group within the larger society. It is small scale and centers around individual interactions. Where as, macrosociology is large scale and focuses on society as a whole. This paper will further describe the interactions that occur inside of a family and how the family as a social institution contributes to the structure of society. There are three main theories that are used to investigate the influence of society on families at the micro and macro levels, these paradigms are the structural functional …show more content…
It is fundamental to society for different groups, such as women and men, to struggle for power in order to produce meaningful social change. The main focus of the conflict theory, in relation to families is gender inequality and the usual conflict that occurs between family members. Basically, family is a social institution where there will always exist members who benefit more than others. In the book, you may ask yourself by Dalton Conley, conflict such as, “abuse, neglect, and manipulation happen across all familial relationships... husbands and wives with powerful tempers hit and control one another.”(Conley, 2017, pg. 470) Social inequality is responsible for the competition that transpires between husband and wife to maintain or to gain power/control in the family structure. Socially, men are usually better off than women. Since, a woman is supposed to be utilized for the unpaid homemaking duties, she and her offspring become utterly financially dependent of the jobholder man who attains the advantage of being the ultimate income producer. Throughout history, communities of women have gathered together to fight for their economic independence. As a result, women have proved themselves successful in acquiring more gender equality and democracy within the family structure. The impact of conflict theory …show more content…
Inside the family, “according to late sociologist Ernest Burgess (1926), the family represents a unified set of interacting individuals, that is, unity in family life comes about as a result of interactions among various family members.”(Schwartz and Scott, 2013, pg. 49). Therefore, the symbolic interactionism theory suggest that the structure of the family is not definite but instead it is socially constructed. The reason that family has become important to individuals and to society is merely due to the meaning associated with the function of having a family. For example, in families gender is socially constructed. Every member within the family structure classifies themselves as either a girl/women or a boy/man. Depending on one's gender allocation, a person will act out what is expected and acceptable for their gender. A man will do masculine activities because one and the society has designated manhood with masculinity. Women will perform feminine task because she and the society around her has related womanhood with femininity. However, not every society presumes that men must act masculine and women should act feminine. It is the people from communities inside the American culture who place such significance for family members to take part in gender roles. On the societal level, the symbolic interactionism

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Symbolic interactionists believe “symbols—things to which we attach meaning—are the key to understanding how we view the world and communicate with one another” (Henslin, 2015, p.13). Gender is one of the most common symbols found amongst families. Gender roles are often assigned to husbands and wives, and this dictates how they act in their marriage. Historically, the gender role for husbands was to go off to work and bring home money to the wife and kids. While wives were supposed to stay home and take care of the house and children.…

    • 889 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The structural-functional perspective view functions that the family provides for society, functions that families provide to its members, and functions members provide for its family. The structural-functional perspective, the conflict perspective, and the feminist perspective…

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    1. What are the major social institutions in society that have great influence on the family? The major social institutions in society that have great influence on family are social, economic, religious, education and state. Social Institution - One of the definitions Wiggins & Davis (2006) gave for a social institution is "a regularity in social behaviour that is agreed to by all members of society, specifies behaviour in specific recurrent situations, and is either self-policed or policed by some external authority.’ (Schotter 1981, quoted in Langlois 1986 p.11). It is therefore the family as a social institution to teach and enforce appropriate behavior, norms, values and rules.…

    • 1348 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Family Life Cycle Essay

    • 391 Words
    • 2 Pages

    I think connectedness and sense of belonging in societies fosters individual as well as social wellbeing. One question was unclear to me; how does healing in family therapy involve compromise? And if couples/family…

    • 391 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Patriarchal Workplace

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This aspect of the public sphere of women’s work is an important feature in the detailed performance expectations that women must bring with them to the workplace. More so, they must shift back to a “nurturing” mode when their children need their mother during the workday. Culturally, this is another example of the patriarchal inequality of labor that divides men from women through these stereotypical behaviors. More than being ignored and devalued for her work in the home; the mother must then endure the emotional alienation of male bosses in the public sphere. In Hays’ article, the cultural contradictions of the dual role of the mother define the underlying problem of this gender-based…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women are expected to marry, produce heirs, and over see the the household” (Brief History of Female Roles). This quote from the article Brief History of Female Gender Roles is basically describing roles based on gender. This shows us that the man is the most dominant and tough person as to the women her job is just to stay home and take care of her family and husband. This quote connects to the thesis because it explains the expectations of a man…

    • 1824 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    These are all desirable characteristics, but by society’s rules, they are only attainable by men. Femininity entails that women are dependent, nurturing, and empathic. There is a complementary relationship between masculinity and femininity; men are expected to financially support himself and his wife while women are expected to care and nurture for her husband. This was seen as the norm during the nineteenth century. Soon, women…

    • 1241 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The focus on this paper will be to construct the different components of families and family values from a sociological viewpoint. My platform will help support families and family values by presenting the comparison of families in society. The main components of the sociological framework that will be incorporated is historical context, empirical data, and power and inequality. In Arlie Hochschild’s “The Second Shift,” she analyzes the different impacts parents have on their families through interviews. An important component that Hochschild incorporates is the different types of families such as traditional, transitional, and egalitarian.…

    • 939 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Family Belief System

    • 906 Words
    • 4 Pages

    For it is important to know where they stand in their marriage as well. 3. What roles do culture and history play in the process of a family and what makes you think they are important and why? How do you work with each issue with the couple and how do you make the decision with which issue to work? 25 points I believe culture and family history play a huge role in the process of a family, as this becomes part of the family’s belief system.…

    • 906 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This view represents the social selection perspective, which assumes that the traits and dispositions of individuals influence both their social circumstances and their future emotion and behavioral. This research is important to society because evidence discovered support the notion that a family 's socioeconomic position affects the life course development and interrelationships of family members, and that individual differences appearing during child hood and adolescence help shape economic and educational achievements; also competence as a parent and romantic partner during the adult…

    • 901 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays