Examine the Reasons for Changes in the Birth Rates and Family Size Since 1900 (24marks)

744 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 3 Pages
Birth rate is defined as the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year, one factor that has had an influence on birth rates and family size since 1900 is the fertility rate. The total fertility rate (TFR) in England and Wales saw a steady decline during the 1990s, to a low of 1.63 in 2001 and then gradually increased between 2001 and 2008. From 2008 the TFR has remained relatively stable, shifting between 1.90 and 1.94 children per woman and peaking in 2010, however it is still lower than the peak of 2.95 children per women during the 1960’s during ‘baby bloom’ this emphasises more women are remaining childless than in the past due to the changing role of a women and also women are postponing having children: the average …show more content…
Access to contraception and abortion, giving women control over their fertility- This factor shows a major decrease in birth rate, women become more free to have sex without getting pregnant and lose the influence of religion but into society, Catholics argues against contraception and sex before marriage more people are having sex for the pleasure and less for the reproduction. Women are allowed to delay their choice in having a child. In 2006 one in five women aged 45 was childless, double the number of 20 years earlier.
Additionally another factor to effect birth rates and family size is the infant mortality rate, measures the number of infants who die before their first birthday per thousand babies born alive per year. More parents have more children to replace those that are lost, thereby increasing the birth rate by contrast if infants survive, parents have fewer children- In 1900’s the IMR for the UK was 154 (15% of babies died within their first year) however the statics are much higher than those in less developed countries as a summary to this disease is one of the factors that effects birth rates.

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