Evolution Of Propaganda In America
Artists made it appear that many others were already working to help the war effort, so women should join the crowd and help out as well. One example of this bandwagon technique is found in a poster by Clarence F. Underwood. The poster shows a woman (one of the “Hello Girls” who operated telephone lines overseas), and states “Back our girls over there” (World War 1 Propaganda). A poster such as this showed that there were already women helping out overseas, so it propelled more women to join the cause and “hop on the bandwagon.” Another technique by propaganda artists involved making women feel wanted. Artists embraced the fact that women were a persecuted group that was often left out of political and social privileges. A piece by Hazel Roberts trying to recruit women in the Navy declares “Women awake! Your country needs you” (Women Awake!). For the average woman who had spent her life at home, not able to vote or get a job, the feeling of being wanted for a greater cause was often scarce. This poster was certainly an awakening and a very persuading proposition for American women. On the other end, propaganda persuaded women who preferred more domestic work to help in the war as well. In a poster by Howard Chandler Christy titled “She is doing her part to help win the war,” a woman is rationing her food, cooking only with corn meal, oats, and barley (She is doing). This was a way women could more …show more content…
Women who preferred (or found it necessary to take) domestic jobs rationed their food, knitted socks and clothes for the military, and bought war bonds. There were also a plethora of women who embraced this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. They filled in for men’s jobs while they were off at war, working as bank clerks, firefighters, police, and factory-workers. There were also those who served as war nurses, navy yeomen, and marines, in America and overseas. While there are not many statistics on the effect of women’s contributions to the war, one can assume that women made many positive contributions that played a part in the U.S. victory in the war, and it certainly opened women’s eyes to the outside working world.
The many job positions that women took during the war and the success that resulted from their contributions showed men that women were ready and willing to be active members of society, and they therefore deserved the right to vote. The U.S. entered the war in 1917, when only thirteen of the forty-eight states had full woman suffrage, and soon after the war ended in 1918 all forty-eight states had granted full suffrage to women