Evolution Of Personality Theory

1244 Words 5 Pages
The Evolution of Personality Theory
An important aspect of this paper will be an examination of the numerous theories from a variety of psychologists who have introduced new and exciting personality theories throughout the twentieth century. Some of these theories are competing and contradictory while others are supportive and complementary.
In 1920 over two hundred books had been published on Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality. His work implicated the structure of the mind ( the id, ego, and superego) and how conflicts among these fundamental parts are resolved in shaping human personality. Today, in criminal psychology, we can identify the major personality and behavioral characteristics of an complex individual based upon an
…show more content…
Freud, who is viewed as the father of psychology, developed the concept of psychoanalysis. Within this type of therapy Jung and Adler placed strong emphasis on the subconscious mind and Erikson showed how the drives of the developing mind effects human behavior. Freud’s concept of dream analysis and the key concepts to this type of therapy was expanded on by Carl Jung in the concepts of archetypes. Freud’s theory focused on personality development that occurred within the child years of an individual 's life and Erikson took it in to …show more content…
Rotter was born in October 1916 in Brooklyn, NY, the third son of Jewish immigrant parents. The Depression was a time of social injustice and devastating effects of poor environments upon people. This influenced Rotter heavily, he attended Brooklyn College, where he began attending seminars given by Adler. Julian Rotter attended Alfred Adler’s Society of Individual Psychology, those meetings were held in Adler’s home.
The main idea in Julian Rotter 's social learning theory is that personality is an interaction of the individual with his or her environment. He believed a person cannot speak of a personality, internal to the individual that is independent of the environment. He also thought that you could not focus on behavior as being an automatic response to an objective set of environmental stimuli. The principle of his theory is to understand behavior to understand it you must take the individuals’ life history of learning, experience, and the individuals’ environment into

Related Documents