Evaluate the Claim That Person Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients

2622 Words Oct 5th, 2015 11 Pages
Evaluate the Claim That Person Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients

In this essay I will be linking the advantages and disadvantages of Person Centred Therapy and trying to establish whether a therapist can treat all clients successfully using just the one approach or whether it is more beneficial to the client for the therapist to use a more multi-disciplinary approach. I will be looking at the origins of this therapy with specific reference to Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers and exploring the important foundations essential for the therapy to be recognised as patient centred.

The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (www.bacp.co.uk) state that Person Centred Counselling ‘is
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Firstly, by having congruence, the counsellor responds in a genuine, open and authentic manner which sends the message to the client that it’s OK to feel and communicate feelings. However, congruence can be difficult to achieve as it involves the counsellor being very aware of their own underlying feelings. Sanders P et al (1995):67 discuss the fact that ‘in the same way that the client does not have to be completely incongruent and struggling in all aspects of their life to feel the need to help, therefore the therapist does not have to be completely congruent in every aspect of their being’. Rogers C (1967):69 asserts that no one can be completely congruent but that the ‘more genuine and congruent the therapist in the relationship, the more probability there is that change in personality in the client will occur.

Rogers describes empathy, the second condition, as the process of understanding another person as if you were that person. He described it as ‘a way of laying aside our own views and values in order to enter another’s world without prejudice’. By being empathic a counsellor can help a client to explore their inner selves further which makes change more likely to occur. Sanders P et Al (1995):94 discuss the fact that a counsellor cannot understand another person unless he pays them a particular sort of attention. They assert that it has

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