European Colonization In America

1158 Words 5 Pages
The joining of different civilizations that have come to America has been a long and arduous journey that has caused catastrophes and triumphs along the way. Between the 15th and 16th centuries, various European countries have fought with each other and the natives to gain control over the Americas. This essay will discuss the primary motivation and the various reasons in which each country has competed to explore the unknown lands of America. When Europeans discovered the natives this created the start of the Columbian Exchange, this then led the Europeans including the Spanish, English, and Dutch to have various purposes of exploring new land both as a whole and individually, and the following events that had occurred within each country …show more content…
One being to build up the population due to the loss of many from the Black Death and the second was the ambition to become prosperous from the new land. Each country had their unique motives that started many expeditions differently from one another.The Spanish were first tempted to explore the Americas in hopes of finding gold and other valuable treasures. Besides traveling to the New World for the wealth, other Spanish settlers wanted to start a thriving agricultural economy. These settlers were able to embed parts of European culture within America by reshaping the landscape and social aspects. The primary objective for many of the Spanish people was to spread Catholicism to the new territories. Shortly before the English made contact with the New World, many people became captivated by the idea that a perfect society can be formed from this newly found land. Sir Thomas More’s writings, Utopia, had actively encouraged others to seek out this land and create an ideal society. Many economic and social problems occurred within England, and they were in need for a religious change. This change had prompted the English to reach out to the New World. A year after the English reached America, the Dutch followed suit. The Dutch instituted its presence in North America by becoming one of the leading trading nations, including the fur trade. In 1624, the increased commerce within the new colony caused …show more content…
The Spanish were among the first countries to begin to venture out into this area and claimed much of the region. The Spanish empire’s first phase in the New World was called the age of discovery and exploration. One of the very first Spanish conquistadors, Hernando Cortès, arrived in America in search of gold and along the way had enslaved and killed a majority of the Native Americans through warfare and contamination. Another important phase that followed swiftly afterward was called the age of conquest, in which the Spaniards established their dominance over the natives through military forces. One of the last phases was known as the Ordinances of Discovery, which took place in the 1570s and enforced laws that banned the inhuman military conquests that were occurring among the natives. Many of Spain’s expeditions into America had been independent of the throne, in contrast to England. Spain had become very well-off with the findings of gold and silver in the New World, while the British had been focused on agricultural and trade. Another important characteristic that caused for different patterns of colonization was that the Spanish had a small population, to begin with, and continued to have a vast majority of natives within their Empire. In contrast, the English and Dutch colonies both focused on

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