Euroculture Essay

749 Words 3 Pages
Euroculture: Political and Legal Perspectives Assignment I

Ziya Mert Karakaş

The EU is a complex supranational entity. It is not a state or a federation and it is difficult to classify. So are the questions whether the Union has attributes of each, and if yes, what are them. The democracy, in the modern times, is a fundamental part of the state functioning and is necessary for the public to involve themselves in the political decision-making. As EU is not a state nor has it a definable demos, can it be measured against other existing forms of "Liberal Democracies"?1. There is an assured
…show more content…
But on the contrary, EU is heavily active in the daily-life of its citizens and on their national governments as the EU law has supremacy over the national laws, a democratic EU is necessary. There is a challenge being made against the EU that there are structural democratic deficits inherit in its system, meaning that it may not be representing the EU population 's ideals. This democratic deficit supposedly "stems from the fact that the transfer of national parliamentary responsibilities to the governmentally appointed Commission and the intergovermental Council has not been matched by a commensurate increase in the competences of the EU Parliament as the only directly elected European institution"2. We can only fully speak of democratic politics if "the winning electoral choices are translated into legisative and executive action at the European level"3. We can divide the …show more content…
As the only directly elected institution, the EP has limited force in the legislative area, and in many areas only cooperative with other EU institutions which are not "democratically" elected. Treaty of Lisbon has enforced this institution with new powers to curb the democratic deficit. However, this was not even close to enough as the voter-turnout rates of the parliamentary elections have been going down and down and low-voter rate is not a healthy sign for a democracy. Currently less than the half of the European population is being represented at the EP. According to a Eurobarometer poll in April 2009, "59 percent stated that they are not informed enough to vote"4. Additionally, a 2008 Eurobarometer poll states that 53 percent do not feel that they are sufficiently represented by the MEPs5. It is evident that, by far, the relation between the citizen and EU is a jaded one. In the future, If the voter-turnout or public awareness is not increased while EP is handed even more power, the democratic deficit may grow. The role of national parliaments in the legislative process has to be also increased and subsequent implementation of "a system in which reforms are made from the bottom-up in order to ensure that the Union is viewed as legitimate by citizens" is also

Related Documents