Eukaryotes

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A eukaryote is a single-celled or multicellular organism that contains a membrane bound nucleus. A eukaryotic cell has a nucleus that entraps the DNA unlike the prokaryotic cell that lets it be free. A prokaryote is also known as bacteria. The DNA roams freely inside of the cell. Eukaryotic cells are large meanwhile prokaryotic cells are much smaller. There are many differences about the prokaryotes and eukaryotes cells.

The DNA replication of a eukaryotic cell would be two chains held together by H bonds. The nitrogenous bases that eukaryotes have are adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine. DNA structure composes of one chain having guanine paired with cytosine by three H- bonds and one chain having adenine and thymine held by two H- bonds. The transcription of eukaryotic cells gets carried from the nucleus and proceeds in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination. Eukaryotic genes are not regulated by operons, but they do have DNA binding proteins. Cell division in eukaryotes is more complex than prokaryotes. When eukaryotic cell divides it occurs in two steps: mitosis and cytokinesis. During mitosis, the nuclear membrane breaks down and reforms. The chromosomes also separate to where each daughter cell receives a diploid number of chromosomes. Cytokinesis is the division of cytoplasm that results in
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Both prokaryote and eukaryote contains DNA. DNA is what controls the behavior and actions of the cells. Ribosomes also known as protein is a similarity that both eukaryotes and prokaryotes share. They both have a cell wall also. In difference, eukaryotes contain mitochondria, which creates energy from taking nutrients and breaking them down, a nucleus, which contains the genetic material of the cell, and chloroplasts, which convert light energy to sugar. Prokaryotes have a bacterial flagellum, that eukaryotes don’t. The flagellum helps the prokaryotic cell

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