Essay about Ethnic Groups And Religions : Bosnia And Herzegovina

2117 Words Nov 12th, 2016 9 Pages
Srebrenica
Ethnic groups and religions
Bosnia and Herzegovina are situated in the western Balkan Peninsula of Europe. The larger region of Bosnia occupies the northern and central parts of the country, and Herzegovina occupies the south and southwest. The capital of the country is Sarajevo.
The region is divided into three ethnic groups that generally correspond to three major religions; Bosniaks and Islam; Serbs and Orthodox Christianity; Croats and Roman Catholicism. They all share the same South Slav heritage. The region has often felt the influence of strong regional powers which have created a vast ethnic and religious diversity. In the 20th century, ‘Muslim’ came to be used as an ethnic, not only religious, identifier and was only replaced in the 1990s by ‘Bosniak’. Though the Balkan region has cohabited well with a multi-ethnic population, during the Ottoman Empire and, later in Josip Broz Tito’s leadership, it has been vulnerable to nationalist, territorial aspirations. The relationship between religion and national identity means it has remained considerably important. With the disintegration of communism in the region, and subsequently Yugoslavia’s demise, nationalism was revived and religion further elevated.
Today a vast majority of citizens continue to desire sustainable peace but hold different aspirations for the best configuration of the state, some even question its future existence.
History
15th Century
During the 15th Century, the Ottoman Empire began…

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