Ethnic Enclaves

963 Words 4 Pages
Since the nineteenth century, there have been many Central American immigrants coming into the United States. Many of the early Central American immigrants came because of job opportunities that were limited back home, and many for example during the 1970s and 1980s, came because they were trying to escape revolutionary wars in their respective country. The hardest thing for a Central American immigrant is not only trying to get to the “promised land”, however it is also difficult learning and adapting to new a set of different cultures. Historically, immigrants assimilated by having to learn dominant language, but this challenge led them to create ethnic enclaves that make them feel more welcomed. Many enclaves in the United States, for example …show more content…
Newcomers do not need to step out of their enclave because they have all the support they need in their communities. The purpose of my paper is to discuss about hoAlthough many immigrants come to the United States in hope of opportunity, they are limited to achieving and moving forward because of their ethnic enclaves, they are limited both socially and economically
Language barriers are reasons why many immigrants stay within their ethnic community. Immigrants do not need to leave their enclave because they have all the support they need from their community for example: (Jobs, Hospitals, groceries, etc). The lack of speaking a different language does not allow them to move out, and stepping out of their comfort zone which places them in low-paying jobs. Although they have what is needed in their community, it is still hard for them to try to adapt to a new culture if they try to step out of their enclave. In David Gutierrez’s book “ The Columbia History of Latinos in the United States Since 1960”, points out the ways that language barriers causes many of the Central American Immigrants from moving on and becoming successful. Gutierrez states: “ Most Central American immigrants, have low
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Gang violence is not part of the Latino culture, however it is something that is very prevalent in these communities. In Alfonso Gonzales’ book “Reform Without Jusitce”, describes the issues of state violence against migrants in the United States. In the book he discusses how laws are being implemented to crack down transnational gangs like the “maras”. Operation Community Shield was a law that was created to send back criminals to their countries. These laws are not only affecting gang members but are also affecting immigrants who are not associated with those gangs. The gangs who are in fear of deportation because of the “Mano Dura” law in El Salvador that was imposed by the Salvadoran Government to stop the flood of “Maras” in their neighborhoods. This law did not only crack down on the gang members, but also took them out. According to Gonzales’, “ From its inception in 2005 through September 2009, 8,575 criminal arrest were made under operation Community Shield. There were also 10,350 administrative deportations carried out under the program.” (pg.100 Reform Without Justice) Although this law was created to send many criminals back, however it shows how this law also swept many of the people who came here looking for jobs. Operation Blue shield was on a mission to suppress on tough crime offenders, however the majority of the people who were

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