Ethnic Cleansing In Yugoslavia

Better Essays
Ethnic cleansing is when there are many different ethnicities in a region and the majority attempt to eradicate the other ethnic groups. In the eyes of the majority, ethnic cleansing was used as a tool to “purify” the country by getting rid of the minority to establish ethnic homogeneity (“Ethnic Cleansing”). The term ethnic cleansing was first introduced during the conflict between the Serbians and the other ethnicities of Yugoslavia. The Bosnian genocide is a product of the extreme nationalism expressed by the Serbians and Solbodan Milosevic’s prejudice towards the muslims of Yugoslavia. This eventually led to the mass murder of 7,000 Muslim men in Srebrenica and is considered one of the greatest atrocities committed during this genocide …show more content…
The leaders of the European countries, despite being covered by the news, did not grasp the fact that while they were unable to come to terms with what ethnic cleansing is, innocent people were getting slaughtered just because they are a certain ethnicity. Since the leaders of Europe were not willing to recognize ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia as a pressing matter, the UN treated it similarly. Their soldiers sent to Yugoslavia were given orders not to do anything drastic or to spark anything with the Serbs but because of this, they were ineffective in protecting the Muslims and many were executed by Serbian forces (Nordland). Finally in 1994, NATO was spurred into action after it became apparent that the Serbs “refused to concede any territory” (“Bosnian Conflict”) despite the fact that they controlled 70% of Bosnian land. The UN and Europe changed their stance after what happened in …show more content…
Their effectiveness decreased over the period of the genocide due to internal Croat conflicts in 1993-1994 and an internal arms embargo (“Bosnian Conflict”). What ended up strengthening their forces was caused by the Croats and the Muslims agreeing to form a joint government. Once Milosevic cut military funding, the chances of their defeat increased. In 1994, the Serbs were forced to agree to participate in peace talks after they were not able to withstand combined NATO, Muslim and Croat attack (“War and Ethnic”). The Dayton Peace Agreement was signed by Serbs, Muslims, and Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1995. It recognized Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as separate countries, indicted Milosevic with multiple war crimes (learn.education2020.com/student), assigned 51 % of the land to the people under the joint Croat and Muslim government, assigned the rest of the land to go to the Serbs and. Because of this genocide, 100,000 people were killed and 2,000,000 were displaced (“Bosnian

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    From 1959 to 1961, riots were all throughout Rwanda. During this time tens of thousands of Tutsis were killed and if they were so lucky to get away they would flee to the surrounding countries. Under the Belgian rule, the first election was held in 1960 with an outcome of a sovereign Republic of Rwanda. A council was formed with a majority of Hutu extremist. This led to the riots against the Tutsis to continue the Hutu extremist stripped Tutsis from their government positions and their…

    • 1323 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hitler used persuasive tactics to spark a anti-Semitic movement throughout the country, which led to the dehumanization of the Jewish people in Europe. By the end of WWII, the causalities of the Jewish population reached nearly 6 million. Other groups, such as homosexuals, Poles, and the mentally and physically disabled were also killed by the masses. Next, within Rwanda, a similar conflict occurred. The Hutus and the Tutsis, two ethnic groups that were created by the Europeans after seizing control of the country, faced an ongoing rivalry.…

    • 1019 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Violence commenced immediately after that, under the disguise of war he extremist Hutu sought to slaughter the entire Tutsi population sought to completely slaughter the tutsi population, Political leaders who might have been able to conduct the situation in a calm manner and all other high profile opponents of the Hutu extremist plan were killed immediately. The tutsi and those suspected of being Tutsi were killed inside their homes and their families were slaughtered as well, women were systematically and brutally raped as well. An estimated 200,000 people participated in the Rwandan genocide “Rwandan genocide resulted from the conscious choice of the elite to promote hatred and fear to keep itself in…

    • 1641 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Genocide Analysis

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Genocide is defined by the deliberate intention to kill and severely harm groups of ethnic & religious groups. Characteristics of the genocide are brutal, cruel, deliberate, and cold-blooded. I don’t see why you want to, for example, erase an entire group of people (Christians) in the Great Persecution. Or why would you even think about massacring the people who live in your own nation and are your people (Tutsi) and even rape the women. Genocide explained for the Rwanda genocide is that the Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda.…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Tribal Rwanda Genocide

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Between the dates of April 6 and July 1994, nearly one million citizens of Rwanda’s seven million population were massacred in an effort to exterminate Rwanda’s Tutsi population (Klinghoffer 3). Neighbors killed neighbors. Torture, rape, looting, and exile ensued. People who had been living together for decades, sharing the same language, culture, and religion became enemies. The violence was genocide-- a deliberate, systematic annihilation of Rwanda’s racially-defined Tutsi group (Straus 1).…

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Rwanda Genocide

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages

    After the president was shot down, supposedly by Hutu extremists, the anarchy began. The Hutu people was responsible for murdering Tutsi citizens and leaders, even other Hutus who sympathized with the Tutsi population. It is said that in 1994 the United Nations failed to fulfill the needs of Rwanda. Information about the ominous genocide being formed was ignored by the UN and Rwanda was left abandoned when they sought protection the most. The UN could have prevented a numerous amount of deaths, but they kept the world oblivious to the genocide taking place right in front of them.…

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Additionally, for the moderate Hutu people, they were also attacked and executed together with the Tutsis during the genocide as they were also viewed as enemies of the nation. In 1993, before the genocide took place, there were rampant examples of anti-Tutsi slogans and hate speech which further escalated the ethnic…

    • 1184 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Pol Pot And Evil

    • 1618 Words
    • 7 Pages

    To bring in the new age, he ordered a genocide against his own people and ended up killing 25- 33 percent of his country 's population. He declared that the Buddhist religion, money, and personal possessions were all banned. Every citizen- even the elderly and children- were forced into hard labor. If they disobeyed…

    • 1618 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Armenian Genocide was the first genocide in the 20th century. It was a cruel event much like other genocides, but this particular one killed an estimation of 1,500,000 people. Armenians were blamed by Turkish for partnering up with the Russians during World War I. The consequence for the Armenians resulted in being forced to give up their weapons; Also those that were in the army were killed or put into slave work until they died. The Turks would find any way to get rid of the Armenians.…

    • 1103 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ultranationalism In Rwanda

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages

    This lead to a direct attack from a pro-Tutsi group attempting to kill a Hutu sub-Chief, creating chaos, counter attacks and death on both sides. This marked the beginning of the Rwandan revolution. In the short lived revolution the power shifted to the overwhelming Hutu majority, the King was deposed, Hutu dominated republic was created and the country became independent in 1962. Later Rwanda faced a civil war from 1990-1993 which consisted of a rebel group the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) attempted to capture and control towns in Rwanda. The RPF was created in 1987 by Paul Kagame, a Tutsi refugee who fled the country along with many others in the Rwandan Revolution.…

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays