Ethnic Cleansing In Yugoslavia

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Ethnic cleansing is when there are many different ethnicities in a region and the majority attempt to eradicate the other ethnic groups. In the eyes of the majority, ethnic cleansing was used as a tool to “purify” the country by getting rid of the minority to establish ethnic homogeneity (“Ethnic Cleansing”). The term ethnic cleansing was first introduced during the conflict between the Serbians and the other ethnicities of Yugoslavia. The Bosnian genocide is a product of the extreme nationalism expressed by the Serbians and Solbodan Milosevic’s prejudice towards the muslims of Yugoslavia. This eventually led to the mass murder of 7,000 Muslim men in Srebrenica and is considered one of the greatest atrocities committed during this genocide …show more content…
The leaders of the European countries, despite being covered by the news, did not grasp the fact that while they were unable to come to terms with what ethnic cleansing is, innocent people were getting slaughtered just because they are a certain ethnicity. Since the leaders of Europe were not willing to recognize ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia as a pressing matter, the UN treated it similarly. Their soldiers sent to Yugoslavia were given orders not to do anything drastic or to spark anything with the Serbs but because of this, they were ineffective in protecting the Muslims and many were executed by Serbian forces (Nordland). Finally in 1994, NATO was spurred into action after it became apparent that the Serbs “refused to concede any territory” (“Bosnian Conflict”) despite the fact that they controlled 70% of Bosnian land. The UN and Europe changed their stance after what happened in …show more content…
Their effectiveness decreased over the period of the genocide due to internal Croat conflicts in 1993-1994 and an internal arms embargo (“Bosnian Conflict”). What ended up strengthening their forces was caused by the Croats and the Muslims agreeing to form a joint government. Once Milosevic cut military funding, the chances of their defeat increased. In 1994, the Serbs were forced to agree to participate in peace talks after they were not able to withstand combined NATO, Muslim and Croat attack (“War and Ethnic”). The Dayton Peace Agreement was signed by Serbs, Muslims, and Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1995. It recognized Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as separate countries, indicted Milosevic with multiple war crimes (learn.education2020.com/student), assigned 51 % of the land to the people under the joint Croat and Muslim government, assigned the rest of the land to go to the Serbs and. Because of this genocide, 100,000 people were killed and 2,000,000 were displaced (“Bosnian

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