Essay on Ethiopia`S Development from Famine to Economic Growth
The classic theory of modernization has its origins in the 1950`s, a post-war period which challenged strategists to investigate the problems faced by the underdeveloped countries, in their attempt to provide aid programs and technological assistance and promote long-term economic growth and political stability. Typical traditional societies were analyzed in the processes through which they should develop into modern social structures by following an unidirectional path similar to the ones already tested by the Western societies. Several factors that contribute to the development of a modern society (including technological, economic, social, political, military and cultural …show more content…
The key factor explaining the famine (many of which are similarly taking place today, such as selling off land to international corporations for industrial farming) was the counter-insurgency strategy adopted by the government. The repeated famines that have struck Ethiopia, and in particular the great famine of 1983-1985, were in large part created by disturbing government policies. Not only that war created famine, but those particular strategies which the government adopted in order to fight the wars led to a particularly severe form of famine.
Although the most crucial wars in Ethiopia are finally over, there are yet a number of reasons for raising awareness towards the past regarding the government`s approach. The main traits describing this unjust form of extensive violence against civilians by the Ethiopian army and air force was the use of exemplary terror, including rebel forces to fight against insurgents; the systematic restriction of food supplies by cutting key roads or by bombing market places and transport links,