Ethicality Of Genetic Cloning

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Cloning is the process by which a genetically identical copy of an organism has naturally occurred or been created in a laboratory (Genetics Generation, 2015). The most significant cloning example was attained in 1996, where ‘Dolly the sheep’, the first mammal clone was created by somatic cell nuclear transfer by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell (University of Utah, 2016). Since Dolly was cloned, several other cloning breakthroughs have been inaugurated. Although scientists are still trying to clone humans, perfectly clone farm animals for food and revive extinct animals, it is still debated on whether cloning is worth it ethically and morally. Cloning is a contentious topic which can be evaluated to conclude whether cloning should be used among human and animal beings.

There are three types of artificial cloning; gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning
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I personally believe that the reproductive cloning of humans is unethical and unnecessary for the world due to the increasing populations and sterile couples have other options to obtain children. I believe that therapeutic cloning is debatable, as an embryo is killed in order to save one’s life, therefore if a person is in desperate need of stem cells (i.e. a cancer patient or a quadriplegic), then they should be able to obtain stem cells, although the moral ethics are wrong. Gene cloning is completely ethical and important in the understanding of human cells, therefore it is definitely worth it in today’s society. It is believed that cloning the strongest animals on farms is advantageous to the meat industry and cloning endangered species is helpful to the biodiversity of the world. Overall, I have concluded that I find the cloning of humans and animals to be worth

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