Philip Wheelwright: A Critical Introduction To Ethics

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Ethic is defined as “a branch of philosophy that is the systematic study of reflective choice, of the standards of right and wrong by which it is to be guided, and of the goods toward which it may ultimately be directed.” (Philip Wheelwright, A Critical Introduction to Ethics). This definition emphasizes deliberate choice, moral principles, and the consequences of decisions. In order to be ethical one must make rational decisions that are non-deceiving and through experience I have discovered that to be very difficult depending on the circumstance of the situation. The factors that directly influence ethical behavior include the social pressure, Law, company ethical codes, and personal standards.
A major key point of which Wheelwright brings
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He argues that unlike our “subhuman” counterparts whose sub primal ethics are solely defined by their reaction to what happens in the environment, whereas human beings on the opposite side of the ethical spectrum can make conscious and often level headed decisions. A person who strives to think ethically tries to produce an outcome that is positive or that which conforms to moral principles, defined by either their own thinking or by societal standards. That is where, on the topic of ethics, human beings reign supreme over our animal counterparts.
Wheelwright further outlines the specifics of what he believed to be the main points of philosophy. The first of seven main points of the processes of making an ethical decision is that of “Examination and clarification of the alternatives” ( Philip Wheelwright, A Critical Introduction to Ethics pg. 731) . As he made by the comparison of human
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Additionally, the text was wholly interesting and understand was fairly easy. After reading Wheelwright text on “The meaning of Ethics” It has become very clear to me that as I try to make a decision I should evaluate my decision very carefully to ensure I make the right and rational choice. While the text was very educational I find it difficult to believe that humans put all that through into their decision, not because we don’t want to but because we are easily influenced the circumstance of the situations. For instance, if I was in the District Attorney’s position I would have most likely choose to conceal the evidence (Philip Wheelwright, A Critical Introduction to Ethics pg. 730), the reason is that in the end, we live in a Darwinist society that demands you make decisions that go against your moral value in order to make something of yourself. From a young age, I was always taught to have good morals, to be honest, kind, caring, but however I have seen that many people don’t share these ethics but rather the opposite. They are willing to make negative decisions that will harm those around them as long as they beat their competition. While we might be smarter than animals in a sense we still share many of the

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