Ethical Issues Regarding the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports
In the history of 20th century sports, specifically in the post World War 2 era, there has been an ever increasing use of performance enhancing drugs in all avenues of sport. Sports have become money making machine for both athletes and big business and the “win at all costs” attitude which has permeated itself into all aspects of professional and college level athletics. Winners make money, losers don’t. The temptation of fame, notoriety and million dollar contracts in all venues of sport is a lure for many athletes. Elite professional athletes are worshiped in today’s society.
This paper will elaborate on the use of performance enhancing drugs in the …show more content…
Although steroids are the most publicized performance enhancement drug utilized by athletes, they are only part the issue. For example, in sports like golf, archery, or pistol shooting, where a steady hand is critical, drugs called “beta blockers” provide a performance enhancing function that counteracts high-pressure situations.
Another example of a different type of performance enhancement drug is the practice of “blood doping”. Blood doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream in order to enhance athletic performance. Because they carry oxygen from the lungs to the muscles, more red blood cells in the blood can improve an athlete’s aerobic capacity and endurance. The main blood doping drug of choice is erythropoietin (EPO). EPO is used is such sports as competitive cycling, long distance running, triathlons and cross country skiing. The world’s marquee cycling event, the Tour de France, has been marred for the last 20 years of EPO doping allegations and the stripping of titles of past tour winners and