Ethical Dilemmas In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World

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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is a darkly satirical view of the future of the world engineered through a genetically predetermined caste system. He describes a world where individual rights are sacrificed for the well being and function of society as a whole, and strong emotions and personal ties are therefore removed. People do not have families or lovers that would incite strong emotional feelings. The whole purpose is to create a productive society, and this is accomplished by giving each individual person the happiness that they are designed for. However, a plethora of ethical problems arise when viewed by outsiders to this way of life.
One of the purposes of Brave New World is to create a commentary about what countries and governments will do to create an effortlessly working society. According to Huxley, this ideal is achieved through genetically bred and ‘pharmaceutically anesthetized’ people. The jobs people occupy in his fictional work are not designed for people, but rather the people are designed for their jobs- having specific allergies, being supplied certain amounts of oxygen while developing, and pavlovian conditioning in infancy are all ways in which people are engineered for specific contributions to society. Due to their conditioning, these individuals have
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He questioned the ‘happiness’ members of the society received, questioned how they could be happy without first suffering for it, as so many characters in Shakespeare had done so. John wanted people to experience happiness through the pain and misery first- the way that he had experienced joy, and therefore believed was the only true way. John is appalled by the removal of high art from society and views the civilized world as barbaric and strange. In turn, he is called “the Savage” and showcased as an attraction- a zoo animal- to the society outside the savage

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