Essay on Ethical Concepts and Self Moral Development
Ethical judgment, in our everyday lives, is acquired via a complex combination of cultural background, particular workplace, past experiences and so on. The purpose of this essay is to examine two competing ethical concepts and approaches I used to evaluate my own moral development. In addition, this essay also conducted to analyze how my ethical being assist me to deal with moral dilemmas in two different work context: a commercial website in 2004 and a local government website in 2008.
The essential theory used in this study is an identification of Utilitarianism and deontological ethics, Kolhberg’s theories of moral developmental stages and the ethical relativism also …show more content…
2.3 Ethical Relativism
Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. There are no universal right and wrongs that can be rationally determined, it is depends on the culture in which they are located. Manuel Velasquez pointed out that the same action may be morally acceptable in one society but condemned in others, including infanticide, genocide, polygamy, racism, sexism, and torture. (1992) As an illustration, there are many countries which do not permit polygamy, and a person who marries in one of those countries a person while still being lawfully married to another commits the crime of bigamy. Whereas in Senegal, this was common practice, nearly 47 percent of marriages are multiple.
2.4 Six Stages of Moral Development (Kohlberg)
Lawrence Kohlberg’s(1927-1987) moral development model, is based on a rational modality as the central vehicle for moral development. Kohlberg identified six stages of moral reasoning grouped into three major levels. Each level represented a fundamental shift in the social-moral perspective of the individual. −
|Stage | Substages |
|Pre-Conventional |- Obedience and Punishment