Eth305V Essay

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ETH305V – Assignment 2
Question 1: Theoretical background
i) Prejudice Prejudice is a pre-held negative opinion, perception, or judgment a person holds or expresses against something or someone, without justification or analyzing facts. For example, when one meets a Muslim person, or sees someone dressed as a Muslim on a flight, one automatically perceives him/her to be a terrorist, and is suspicious or unreasonably “sure” that the Muslim person intends blowing up the plane. The negative perception was based purely on perception of the Muslim person‟s religious belief, and not by knowing the person personally
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Stereotypes influence people‟s perceptions of and behaviour towards groups other than their own. Examples of some common stereotypes include sayings like, “fat people are lazy”, or “athletes are dumb”, or “Jews are stingy”, or “Japanese are highly intelligent”. iii) Racism Racism is the belief that one‟s race is superior to another. This belief is based on the false premise that the physical attributes of a racial group determine the group‟s intellectual characteristics as well as social behaviour. In many societies racism became institutionalized by way of established laws and practices. In addition to this is the aspect of cultural racism, which is the belief that customs art, music, literature, economics, language, traditions, and religious beliefs of minority groups are inferior to those of the dominant culture.

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iv) Discrimination Discrimination refers to unjust perception of people which leads to unjust treatment of them. Discriminated people are treated differently through prejudice. It is unfair treatment of one person or group, usually because of prejudice about race, ethnicity, age, religion, or gender. v) Multicultural education Essentially multicultural education is about changing the nature of teaching and learning

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