Essay

2659 Words Nov 13th, 2012 11 Pages
Burns

(relates to Chapter 24, “Nursing Management: Burns,” in the textbook)

Burns

Occur when there is injury to the tissues of the body caused by heat, chemicals, electrical current, or radiation

Types of Burn Injury

Thermal Burns

Chemical Burns

Smoke Inhalation Injury

Electrical Burns

Cold Thermal Injury

Full-Thickness Thermal Burn

Partial-Thickness Burn to the Hand

Partial-Thickness Burns Due to Immersion in Hot Water

Types of Burn Injury

Thermal Burns

Caused by flame, flash, scald, or contact with hot objects

Most common type of burn

Types of Burn Injury
Chemical Burns

Result from tissue injury and destruction
…show more content…
• Death

Types of Burn Injury Smoke Inhalation Injuries

Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning

• Treat with 100% humidified oxygen

• CO poisoning may occur in the

absence of burn injury to the skin

• Skin color described as “cherry red”

in appearance

Types of Burn Injury Smoke Inhalation Injuries

Inhalation injury above the glottis

• Thermally produced

• Hot air, steam, or smoke

• Mechanical obstruction can occur

quickly

Types of Burn Injury Smoke Inhalation Injuries

Inhalation injury above the glottis

• Presence of facial burns

• Singed nasal hair

• Hoarseness, painful swallowing

• Darkened oral and nasal

membranes

Types of Burn Injury Smoke Inhalation Injuries

Inhalation injury below the glottis

• Injury is related to the length of

exposure to smoke or toxic fumes

• Pulmonary edema may not appear

until 12 to 24 hours after the burn

Types of Burn Injury
Electrical Burns

Result from coagulation necrosis caused

by intense heat generated from an

electrical current

May result from direct damage to nerves

and vessels causing tissue anoxia and

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