Conventional Armed Forces Analysis

Improved Essays
Soldiers in the U.S. military can be separated into two specific categories. First are conventional armed forces that are used to fight an opposing nation’s military. Two examples would be U.S. conventional forces fighting the Iraqi Army in both the Gulf War in 1990 and the early stage of the War on Iraq in 2003. The second category is Special Operations Forces or SOF who are used to fight an unconventional enemy such as insurgencies. Some examples would be SOF battling insurgent groups in the Afghanistan War in 2001 and the War in Iraq during 2003 after Saddam was removed from power when the U.S. was fighting insurgencies. Also, both conventional forces and SOF can be used in conventional or unconventional warfare. Therefore, how does the …show more content…
military has been using SOF to train ally militant groups behind enemy lines and perform direct action missions to eliminate these insurgencies before they spread any further. SOF biggest role to fight these insurgencies is by making sure nations with less military expertise have the ability to battle insurgents if they become a problem within their country. As stated by Assistant Secretary of Defense Michael D. Lumpkin, “SOF capabilities for indirect activities enable us to persistently engage throughout the world, working with international partners to build their capabilities before conflicts arise so that they can defend themselves and, by extension, defend us.” This strategy keeps the U.S. from getting involved in another large scale war and allows allies to eventually defend themselves without the need of U.S. military assistance. This study will draw off historical examples of U.S. military conflicts from the Gulf War to SOF current involvement against insurgencies. In doing so, one can determine what specific factors led the U.S. to switch from deploying conventional forces to SOF. Examining America’s various military conflicts will demonstrate how the change from fighting an identifiable enemy to an unidentifiable enemy has deeply affected the U.S. military’s ways of waging …show more content…
These various news sources offer the latest information regarding the U.S. involvement against insurgencies around the world. Several books were used in this study, specifically Philip Smith’s Why War?: The Cultural Logic of Iraq, the Gulf War, and Suez, US Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare by Thomas K. Adams, and U.S. Special Forces by Hans Halberstadt, Terry Griswold, D. M Giangreco and Fred J. Pushies. The information collected from these sources was critical in highlighting the U.S. military’s decision to shift from deploying conventional war fighting forces in favor of Special Operations

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Ironically, America military troops used unusual weapons. The napalm and the herbicide defoliant were the weapons of choice that were used. American Way of War continued to search for quick military success and self-governing of planned policy. Tactical Way of War Another way of war is tactical that engages a form of warfare. In early 1970, The American Way of War was thought about and practiced by key U.S. military and Policy.…

    • 1716 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Today, the United States and its allies and partners are fighting a war against those organizations in multiple regions. Those efforts include the full range of military capabilities in order to disrupt, degrade, and ultimately defeat VEOs in their actions. As they have done since the Second World War, United States policy makers will continue to use military solutions to political problems. Confirming the Clausewitzian continuation of politics by different means, they continue to seek military help because it was and always is ready, available, and capable. The United States military proved its remarkable achievements in numerous operations, but policymakers and military leaders could revise its role in…

    • 2009 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Iraq War Analysis

    • 2281 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Therefore, Taliban regime and Saddam Hussein must be overthrown to establish democratic states. Neo-conservatism also stress on hegemony and military tool. Thus, eliminating Saddam Hussein created more power to U.S in Middle East. To reach the victories, the military was the best solution. As in the case of Afghanistan, to deal with terrorism, the invasion must be launched.…

    • 2281 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Another principle to understand is the battle space or environment as a measurement of effectiveness. All spaces should assume to be compromised with IEDs or insurgents living amongst the population. US forces measure their effectiveness by how much ground forces cover. In Iraq, US forces were present throughout a province, however insurgent violence didn’t wane. Time is important operational art aspect that is irrelevant in the enemy’s perspective because they could await US forces leaving temporarily or permanently.…

    • 1293 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He quickly describes it operationally in the first few pages, but it is not clear and concise. He goes on to describe how the global politics, training of the military, and other security obligations made it a hybrid war that was very complex. Hybrid warfare at the operational level was the overall strategy of the U.S. government and how it handled its resources. He clearly defines tactical hybrid warfare later describing how in the North the war was fought with modern air forces and anti-aircraft guns, while in the South it was fought with low technology utilizing conventional and guerrilla tactics. His definition of hybrid warfare involves the use of different tactics and different technologies combined in a single effort.…

    • 759 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    ISIS Case Study

    • 957 Words
    • 4 Pages

    However, ISIS now becomes a new threat of U.S national security. As a result, countering ISIS is necessary with Obama administration. Nevertheless, best strategy to deal with ISIS is great concern of U.S. As mentioned above, U.S deployed airstrike and let Iraqi government play as central role to attack ISIS; mostly U.S troops in Iraq are advisers. Furthermore, U.S also trained Kurdish soldiers because Kurd lived in the North of Iraq that near the controlled area of ISIS and Kurdish people conflict with ISIS (Parkinson & Nissenbaum, 2014). However, it is not enough to defeat ISIS, U.S must cooperate with other actors.…

    • 957 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    From the establishment of the United States, the country has been shaped by the ache of war, which was a united fight; once the United States was in war, the entire country itself found itself in that war. From the time of Thomas Jefferson, the stance of war and soldiers were unparalleled to the ideology of the military circa 20th century. In Rachel Maddow’s, Drift: The Unmooring of American Military Power, there is a shift of power in the military, creating a perpetual spending and power for the military, mostly under the administration of Ronald Reagan. Maddow uses factual information, personal dialogue between officials within the military in the under the staff of the White House, and stories of popular actors during the time of escalation…

    • 791 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    This chapter will focus on the U.S. military’s shift from deploying large conventional fighting forces to Special Operations Forces due to America fighting a different type of enemy, radical insurgencies. America is not fighting a large conventional army like the Iraqi Army again; they are fighting insurgencies. The best way to eliminate these insurgencies is to send in SOF because they have the ability to train local militant groups behind enemy lines and perform direct action missions to eliminate these insurgencies before they spread any further. In short, this chapter focuses on the rise of terrorist backed insurgencies in Afghanistan and Iraq, which is causing the U.S. military to shift away from conventional fighting forces to SOF. Additionally,…

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    On the irregular battlefield, we could ask “Does the decision we are making align with the commander’s intent” or “Is this decision necessary for mission accomplishment?” Judgement is utilizing the knowledge gained of the enemy and quick decision-making ability to come to a viable conclusion as to whether the action you are embarking on is necessary, achievable, and beneficial to the overarching goal of your operation. Once the warfighter gains knowledge and subsequently reaches and evaluates a decision, he must take initiative. In an irregular environment, commanders may not be readily accessible, therefore warfighters must be prepared to take action in the absence of orders or else a fleeting opportunity may be sacrificed due to inaction. Initiative allows one to meet previously un-encountered situations with action. “By taking the initiative, we dictate the terms of the conflict and force the enemy to meet us on our terms” (MCDP 1, pg…

    • 736 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Information Age militaries will differ from predecessors with respect to their strategy, degree of integration, and approach to command and control. Strategy 2. The conventional war visualized military strategy primarily as ways of causing degradation and/or defeating an adversary’s military…

    • 857 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays