Essay On The Role Of Slavery In The Civil War

1529 Words 7 Pages
According to The News Observer, “The first official slave owner in colonial America was a black man, not white.” While slavery did play a large role in the actions of Southerners in the early 1860’s, slavery was not the only issue. The idea of slavery did not begin when the first captured Africans were brought to Jamestown, Virginia by entrepreneurial English settlers. People have been enslaving one another since the birth of humanity.
Southerners, though, felt that their very way of life would be compromised if they remained members of the Union. Strong disagreements about tariff rates were perpetuated in Congress. Also, the issue of states’ rights could not be resolved; Southerners believed that it was up to new states to decide their
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Fort Sumter, a Union military post built in Charleston Harbor, was filled with Union soldiers when the secession occurred. Lincoln, not wanting to give into rising demands by the Confederacy to abandon the post or his loyal soldiers, decided to send resupply ships to the fort. The Confederacy, seeing this action as an act of war, began to bombard and siege the fort, beginning the only war that was fought entirely on United States soil: The Civil War. Lincoln’s cry for 75, 000 volunteers to help squash the southern mutiny in April 1861 prompted four other states to abandon the Union and join the other seceded states to form the Confederacy as we remember it today. These states include Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee. These states did not wish to break with tradition and battle against their fellow Southern brothers. Only the north-west portion of Virginia did secede with the rest. These citizens, along with the help of the Union and president Lincoln, unconstitutionally formed their own state: West Virginia, and upon formation, promptly joined the …show more content…
The courageous citizens living in the Colonies elected to committed treason, and could have been hung for such crimes by the English Government had their plot for independence failed. Thankfully, it did not.
Historians who argue that secession was illegal will cite the Declaration of Independence when arguing that our nation is composed of “united” states in the fact that thirteen state-shaped and sized territories came together to defend themselves against a larger oppressor. This fact is true; yet during the Revolutionary period, a vast majority of colonial citizens agreed with one another one what action to take about the issues facing them, unlike the Civil War demographic. The territories that formed the fighting militia who defeated England were not even considered States yet. Delaware, the first state, did not declare its statehood until six years after the Revolutionary War ended. Shortly after the war ended the colonies disbanded from any semblance of cooperation and unity until Delaware declared its statehood in

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